What will I be? The role of temporal perspective on predictions of affect, traits, and self-narratives


Heller, Daniel, Stephan, Elena, Kifer, Yona and Sedikides, Constantine (2011) What will I be? The role of temporal perspective on predictions of affect, traits, and self-narratives Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, (3), pp. 610-615. (doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2011.01.010).

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Description/Abstract

This article examined the effect of temporal perspective on the multifaceted future self (i.e., affect, traits, and self-narratives). Participants imagined themselves in the near versus distant future, and subsequently predicted their affect (Experiment 1), traits (Experiment 2), and naturalistic self-concepts (Experiment 3). Drawing from the Construal Level Theory and self-enhancement literatures, we hypothesized and found across three experiments that predictions of one's self in the distant future are more positive than predictions of one's self in the near future. Furthermore, building upon literature on the existence of normative and culturally sanctioned implicit theories of positive growth throughout the life span, we hypothesized and found that increased temporal distance yielded less variable predictions of affect, traits, and self-narratives (all three experiments) and that higher-level attributions mediated the effect of temporal perspective on the positivity of self-narratives (Experiment 3) and that time distance leads to more positive and less variable future selves.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2011.01.010
ISSNs: 0022-1031 (print)
Keywords: self-enhancement, construal level theory, self, emotion, personality traits
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
ePrint ID: 194295
Date :
Date Event
31 January 2011Published
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2011 08:30
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 01:43
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/194295

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