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What will I be? The role of temporal perspective on predictions of affect, traits, and self-narratives

Record type: Article

This article examined the effect of temporal perspective on the multifaceted future self (i.e., affect, traits, and self-narratives). Participants imagined themselves in the near versus distant future, and subsequently predicted their affect (Experiment 1), traits (Experiment 2), and naturalistic self-concepts (Experiment 3). Drawing from the Construal Level Theory and self-enhancement literatures, we hypothesized and found across three experiments that predictions of one's self in the distant future are more positive than predictions of one's self in the near future. Furthermore, building upon literature on the existence of normative and culturally sanctioned implicit theories of positive growth throughout the life span, we hypothesized and found that increased temporal distance yielded less variable predictions of affect, traits, and self-narratives (all three experiments) and that higher-level attributions mediated the effect of temporal perspective on the positivity of self-narratives (Experiment 3) and that time distance leads to more positive and less variable future selves.

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Citation

Heller, Daniel, Stephan, Elena, Kifer, Yona and Sedikides, Constantine (2011) What will I be? The role of temporal perspective on predictions of affect, traits, and self-narratives Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, (3), pp. 610-615. (doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2011.01.010).

More information

Published date: 31 January 2011
Keywords: self-enhancement, construal level theory, self, emotion, personality traits

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 194295
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/194295
ISSN: 0022-1031
PURE UUID: 88af733f-dc00-47be-8498-065510b6a837

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Jul 2011 08:30
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:27

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Contributors

Author: Daniel Heller
Author: Elena Stephan
Author: Yona Kifer

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