Hoskins, Bryony Louise, Barber, Carolyn, Van Nijlen, Daniel and Villalba, Ernesto
Comparing civic competence among European youth: composite and domain-specific indicators using IEA civic education study data
Comparative Education Review, 55, (1), . (doi:10.1086/656620).
Addressing the European Union monitoring of civic competence, this article presents a composite indicator of civic competence and four domain indicators. The data used
are from the 1999 IEA Civic Education study of 14-year-olds in school. The results demonstrate the complexity of the various influences on the development of civic competencies
across countries rather than support for a single or unidirectional theoretical explanation. The nation’s years of democracy play both a positive and a negative role
on different aspects of civic competence, while citizenship education has better than expected consequences in some countries
Actions (login required)