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Association of cardiac and non-cardiac chronic disease comorbidity on glycaemic control in a multi-ethnic population with type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Record type: Article

Aims To determine the prevalence of chronic disease comorbidity in south Asians (SAs) and white Europeans (WEs) with diabetes and to quantify the relationship of cardiac disease comorbidity (CDCM) and non-cardiac disease comorbidity (NCCM) to glycaemic control in SAs and WEs with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods A cross-sectional study using a database of patients of SA (25.5%) and WE (74.5%) origin attending a specialist diabetes clinic in the UK between 2003 and 2005 (n=5664).

Results The prevalence of SAs and WEs with type 1 diabetes was 12% and 88%, respectively; for those with type 2 diabetes the prevalence was 30% and 70%, respectively. Overall, the prevalence of comorbidity in people with type 1 diabetes was 25.5% and with type 2 diabetes was 47%. NCCM was more prevalent in WEs than SAs (17.6% vs 12.8%, p<0.001). In type 2 diabetes, the prevalence of suboptimal glycaemic control was significantly greater in SAs compared to WEs with NCCM and CDCM (79% vs 62%, p<0.001; 78% vs 65%, p<0.001, respectively). SAs with type 2 diabetes and comorbidity had excess odds of suboptimal glycaemic control compared to WEs: OR 2.27 (95% CI 1.50 to 3.43) for those with NCCM and OR 1.91 (95% CI 1.49 to 2.44) for those with CDCM.

Conclusions The prevalence of CDCM is higher in SAs compared to WEs with type 2 diabetes, whereas the prevalence of NCCM is higher in WEs compared to SAs. Taking into account comorbidities, SAs (compared to WEs) with type 2 diabetes had an excess risk of having HbA1c ?7% ranging from 1.86- to 2.27-fold. Further research is needed to identify the reasons for unfavourable metabolic conditions in SAs and also develop and evaluate interventions.

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Citation

Mehta, R.L., Davies, M.J., Ali, S., Taub, N.A., Stone, M.A., Baker, R., McNally, P.G., Lawrence, I.G. and Khunti, K. (2011) Association of cardiac and non-cardiac chronic disease comorbidity on glycaemic control in a multi-ethnic population with type 1 and type 2 diabetes Postgraduate Medical Journal (doi:10.1136/postgradmedj-2011-130298). (PMID:21873464).

More information

Published date: 26 August 2011
Organisations: Primary Care & Population Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 196349
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/196349
ISSN: 0032-5473
PURE UUID: 7cf3993c-bb9c-4474-9a2b-08da2e1ce6fd

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 06 Sep 2011 13:09
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:23

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Contributors

Author: R.L. Mehta
Author: M.J. Davies
Author: S. Ali
Author: N.A. Taub
Author: M.A. Stone
Author: R. Baker
Author: P.G. McNally
Author: I.G. Lawrence
Author: K. Khunti

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