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Self-enhancement and self-protection strategies in China: cultural expressions of a fundamental human motive

Self-enhancement and self-protection strategies in China: cultural expressions of a fundamental human motive
Self-enhancement and self-protection strategies in China: cultural expressions of a fundamental human motive
The motive to enhance and protect positive views of the self manifests in a variety of cognitive and behavioral strategies but its universality versus cultural specificity is debated by scholars. We sought to inform this debate by soliciting self-reports of the four principal types of self-enhancement and self-protection strategy (positivity embracement, favorable construals, self-affirming reflections, defensiveness) from a Chinese sample and comparing their structure, levels, and correlates to a Western sample. The Chinese data fit the same factor structure, and were subject to the same individual differences in regulatory focus, self-esteem, and narcissism, as the Western data. Chinese participants reported lower levels of (enhancement-oriented) positivity embracement but higher levels of (protection-oriented) defensiveness than Western participants. Levels of favorable construals were also higher in the Chinese sample, with no differences in self-affirming reflections. These findings support and extend the universalist perspective on the self by demonstrating the cross-cultural structure, yet culturally sensitive manifestation, of self-enhancement motivation
0022-0221
Hepper, Erica G.
fe969931-cea2-4781-a474-d41a89b213ae
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Cai, Huajian
93a231d6-8e65-4781-883b-b85543a5ddfc
Hepper, Erica G.
fe969931-cea2-4781-a474-d41a89b213ae
Sedikides, Constantine
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Cai, Huajian
93a231d6-8e65-4781-883b-b85543a5ddfc

Hepper, Erica G., Sedikides, Constantine and Cai, Huajian (2011) Self-enhancement and self-protection strategies in China: cultural expressions of a fundamental human motive Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

Record type: Article

Abstract

The motive to enhance and protect positive views of the self manifests in a variety of cognitive and behavioral strategies but its universality versus cultural specificity is debated by scholars. We sought to inform this debate by soliciting self-reports of the four principal types of self-enhancement and self-protection strategy (positivity embracement, favorable construals, self-affirming reflections, defensiveness) from a Chinese sample and comparing their structure, levels, and correlates to a Western sample. The Chinese data fit the same factor structure, and were subject to the same individual differences in regulatory focus, self-esteem, and narcissism, as the Western data. Chinese participants reported lower levels of (enhancement-oriented) positivity embracement but higher levels of (protection-oriented) defensiveness than Western participants. Levels of favorable construals were also higher in the Chinese sample, with no differences in self-affirming reflections. These findings support and extend the universalist perspective on the self by demonstrating the cross-cultural structure, yet culturally sensitive manifestation, of self-enhancement motivation

PDF Hepper_Sedikides_Cai_in_press_Self-enhancement_strategies_in_China_PREPRINT.pdf - Author's Original
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 3 October 2011
Published date: 16 December 2011
Additional Information: Currently in 'OnlineFirst' section of journal

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 198575
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/198575
ISSN: 0022-0221
PURE UUID: c09e254d-9c49-483c-8f45-adcd29f55e8b

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Date deposited: 05 Oct 2011 10:06
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:18

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Contributors

Author: Erica G. Hepper
Author: Huajian Cai

University divisions

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