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Experimental and theoretical characterization of sonochemical cells. Part 1. Cylindrical reactors and their use to calculate the speed of sound in aqueous solutions

Experimental and theoretical characterization of sonochemical cells. Part 1. Cylindrical reactors and their use to calculate the speed of sound in aqueous solutions
Experimental and theoretical characterization of sonochemical cells. Part 1. Cylindrical reactors and their use to calculate the speed of sound in aqueous solutions
The sound field generated from a cylindrical sonochemical cell is discussed in depth. This sound field is considered with a variable operating frequency. An acoustic model is developed to predict the spatial distribution of acoustic pressure, which is compared with experimental measurements of the spatial characteristics of luminescent emission from a cylindrical cell. A sound speed (averaged in space and time) within the cavitation environment in the range of 868-1063 m s-1 was calculated. Under certain assumptions, this corresponds to a void fraction range of 2.9 × 10-3 to 4.2 × 10-3%. The implications for electrochemical and chemical activity within cylindrical cells are discussed.
adsorptive stripping voltammetry, acoustic cavitation, mass-transport, ultrasonic frequency, power ultrasound, sonoluminescence, degradation, media, microelectrode, electrodes
1089-5639
306-320
Birkin, Peter R.
ba466560-f27c-418d-89fc-67ea4f81d0a7
Leighton, Timothy G.
3e5262ce-1d7d-42eb-b013-fcc5c286bbae
Power, John F.
01d79335-8f9a-4de3-9495-80f4a90beaf9
Simpson, Matthew D.
52ce100c-24f0-4faa-b89a-d27c03734cf6
Vinçotte, Aurore M.L.
1708dbbf-14a3-440b-b79a-3efd88de881e
Joseph, Phillip F.
9c30491e-8464-4c9a-8723-2abc62bdf75d
Birkin, Peter R.
ba466560-f27c-418d-89fc-67ea4f81d0a7
Leighton, Timothy G.
3e5262ce-1d7d-42eb-b013-fcc5c286bbae
Power, John F.
01d79335-8f9a-4de3-9495-80f4a90beaf9
Simpson, Matthew D.
52ce100c-24f0-4faa-b89a-d27c03734cf6
Vinçotte, Aurore M.L.
1708dbbf-14a3-440b-b79a-3efd88de881e
Joseph, Phillip F.
9c30491e-8464-4c9a-8723-2abc62bdf75d

Birkin, Peter R., Leighton, Timothy G., Power, John F., Simpson, Matthew D., Vinçotte, Aurore M.L. and Joseph, Phillip F. (2003) Experimental and theoretical characterization of sonochemical cells. Part 1. Cylindrical reactors and their use to calculate the speed of sound in aqueous solutions. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 107 (2), 306-320. (doi:10.1021/jp014532t).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The sound field generated from a cylindrical sonochemical cell is discussed in depth. This sound field is considered with a variable operating frequency. An acoustic model is developed to predict the spatial distribution of acoustic pressure, which is compared with experimental measurements of the spatial characteristics of luminescent emission from a cylindrical cell. A sound speed (averaged in space and time) within the cavitation environment in the range of 868-1063 m s-1 was calculated. Under certain assumptions, this corresponds to a void fraction range of 2.9 × 10-3 to 4.2 × 10-3%. The implications for electrochemical and chemical activity within cylindrical cells are discussed.

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More information

Published date: 16 January 2003
Keywords: adsorptive stripping voltammetry, acoustic cavitation, mass-transport, ultrasonic frequency, power ultrasound, sonoluminescence, degradation, media, microelectrode, electrodes

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 19908
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/19908
ISSN: 1089-5639
PURE UUID: 94592b90-4927-4ff0-85f9-c794fefce08f
ORCID for Peter R. Birkin: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6656-4074
ORCID for Timothy G. Leighton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1649-8750

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 23 Feb 2006
Last modified: 27 Apr 2022 01:36

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Contributors

Author: Peter R. Birkin ORCID iD
Author: John F. Power
Author: Matthew D. Simpson
Author: Aurore M.L. Vinçotte

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