The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

A review of the measurement of grip strength in clinical and epidemiological studies: towards a standardised approach

Record type: Article

Background: the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People has developed a clinical definition of sarcopenia based on low muscle mass and reduced muscle function (strength or performance). Grip strength is recommended as a good simple measure of muscle strength when ‘measured in standard conditions’. However, standard conditions remain to be defined.

Methods: a literature search was conducted to review articles describing the measurement of grip strength listed in Medline, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases up to 31 December 2009.

Results: there is wide variability in the choice of equipment and protocol for measuring grip strength. The Jamar hand dynamometer is the most widely used instrument with established test–retest, inter-rater and intra-rater reliability. However, there is considerable variation in how it is used and studies often provide insufficient information on the protocol followed making comparisons difficult. There is evidence that variation in approach can affect the values recorded. Furthermore, reported summary measures of grip strength vary widely including maximum or mean value, from one, two or three attempts, with either hand or the dominant hand alone.

Conclusions: there is considerable variation in current methods of assessing grip strength which makes comparison between studies difficult. A standardised method would enable more consistent measurement of grip strength and better assessment of sarcopenia. Our approach is described.

Full text not available from this repository.

Citation

Roberts, Helen C., Denison, Hayley J., Martin, Helen J., Patel, Harnish P., Syddall, Holly, Cooper, Cyrus and Sayer, Avan Aihie (2011) A review of the measurement of grip strength in clinical and epidemiological studies: towards a standardised approach Age and Ageing, 40, (4), pp. 423-429. (doi:10.1093/ageing/afr051). (PMID:21624928).

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 30 May 2011
Published date: July 2011
Keywords: grip strength, measurement, protocol, sarcopenia, elderly
Organisations: Faculty of Health Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 199437
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/199437
ISSN: 0002-0729
PURE UUID: 5b012061-03d9-4d50-b7ca-4e8e9d50fba7
ORCID for Holly Syddall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0171-0306

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 14 Oct 2011 13:20
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:16

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Hayley J. Denison
Author: Helen J. Martin
Author: Harnish P. Patel
Author: Holly Syddall ORCID iD
Author: Cyrus Cooper

University divisions


Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×