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On the threshold of transport of sand-sized sediment under the combined influence of unidirectional and oscillatory flow

Record type: Article

Swansea Bay may be taken as an example of an embayment which has a complex and variable hydrodynamic regime resulting from the interaction of its bathymetry and configuration with an adjacent rectilinear, semidiurnal tidal system and with superimposed oceanic swell and more locally generated seas.

Eulerian tidal current observations in Swansea Bay indicated a coastal tidal current pattern which has developed from the main currents along the northern Bristol Channel. The observed pattern consists of an anticlockwise eddy in the western part of the embayment and a zone of divergence on the eastern side, between the eddy and the main offshore flow. Wave data, as represented by refraction diagrams and the distribution of sea bed orbital velocities, have demonstrated that high energy wave conditions prevail over the area. Sediment distribution and transport in Swansea Bay are controlled by tidally and wave-induced current patterns, but are also related to bathymetry and the exposure of relict deposits. However, evidence is presented to suggest that local dredging activities influence the sedimentation processes.

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Citation

Collins, Michael, Ferentinos, George and Banner, F.T. (1979) On the threshold of transport of sand-sized sediment under the combined influence of unidirectional and oscillatory flow Estuarine Coastal and Marine Science, 8, (1), pp. 49-74. (doi:10.1016/0302-3524(79)90105-1).

More information

Published date: January 1979
Keywords: sediment distribution, sediment transport, tidal currents, wave action, benthic environments, Bristol Channel, Wales coast

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 201589
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/201589
ISSN: 0302-3524
PURE UUID: 836a9afb-44dd-4fa6-aa78-8ee1fd15f96d

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 Oct 2011 15:45
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:12

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Contributors

Author: Michael Collins
Author: George Ferentinos
Author: F.T. Banner

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