The area of freedom, security and justice and belonging: the continuing spectre of security and control
At Exchanging Ideas on Europe, France.
03 - 05 Sep 2009.
Full text not available from this repository.
Despite the Commission's efforts to highlight the positive impact of migration and the demographic and social pressures facing Europe in the future, migration issues continue to be approached through the traditional perspectives of security, control and restrictiveness. Echoing the fashionable discourse on contractual relations, the European Pact on Immigration and Asylum illustrates the Member States' hegemony over the framing of migration-related issues and their resurgent power to control legal entry, combat irregular migration and to dictate the terms of migrants' integration. There exists little reflection on normative considerations and on the negative impact of restrictive and law enforcement approaches on the formation of a European identity and the values underpinning the European project. National executives have shown their preference for traditional frames and old tools and the similarities between the French Presidency's European Pact on Immigration and Asylum and the 1998 Strategy Paper adopted by the European Council attest this. The only difference is that, due to demographic pressures, the MS would be prepared to admit certain categories of migrants because they need them. Yet, in so doing, they will continue to place hurdles on their path to temporary or permanent residence and to citizenship, which is now framed as a privilege or a status that has to be earned. An alternative approach to migration governance would have to reflect critically on the concepts, legal initiatives and policies that have characterised the last thirty years of Member State co-operation in this area and to rethink, and reframe, the area of freedom, security and justice.
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