The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

European citizenship and immigration after Amsterdam: Openings, silences, paradoxes

Kostakopoulou, Theodora (1998) European citizenship and immigration after Amsterdam: Openings, silences, paradoxes [in special issue: The European Union: Immigration, Asylum and Citizenship] Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 24, (4), pp. 639-656. (doi:10.1080/1369183X.1998.9976658).

Record type: Article


European Union citizenship, as a form of citizenship beyond the nation state, entails the promise of the formation of a heterogeneous and democratic European public, empowering citizens and ethnic residents. Notwithstanding this promise, the 1996 intergovernmental conference that culminated in the Treaty of Amsterdam (signed on 2 October 1997) did not extend the personal scope of Union citizenship to include long?term resident third country nationals. Other substantive reforms, however, such as the inclusion of an anti?discrimination clause, the institutionalisation of the right to information, the strengthening of democratic accountability and the enhanced respect for human rights, all improve the rights of citizens, and ethnic migrant residents and members of other disadvantaged groups generally. The partial communitarisation of the third pillar has furnished the basis for a Community immigration and asylum policy that is subject to increasing democratic and judicial control. However, it has also opened the way for the installation of exclusionary categories and the ‘security’ narrative on immigration control, which has largely characterised the third pillar within the system of Community law.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 1998
Organisations: Southampton Law School


Local EPrints ID: 202817
ISSN: 1369-183X
PURE UUID: 767cb563-437e-45c3-bae0-5a6af3c1df54

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 09 Nov 2011 12:03
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:09

Export record



Author: Theodora Kostakopoulou

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.