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The political economy of cross-scale networks in resource co-management

The political economy of cross-scale networks in resource co-management
The political economy of cross-scale networks in resource co-management
We investigate linkages between stakeholders in resource management that occur at different spatial and institutional levels and identify the winners and losers in such interactions. So-called crossscale interactions emerge because of the benefits to individual stakeholder groups in undertaking them or the high costs of not undertaking them. Hence there are uneven gains from cross-scale interactions that are themselves an integral part of social-ecological system governance. The political economy framework outlined here suggests that the determinants of the emergence of cross-scale interactions are the exercise of relative power between stakeholders and their costs of accessing and creating linkages. Cross-scale interactions by powerful stakeholders have the potential to undermine trust in resource management arrangements. If government regulators, for example, mobilize information and resources from cross-level interactions to reinforce their authority, this often disempowers other stakeholders such as resource users. Offsetting such impacts, some cross-scale interactions can be empowering for local level user groups in creating social and political capital. These issues are illustrated with observations on resource management in a marine protected area in Tobago in the Caribbean. The case study demonstrates that the structure of the cross-scale interplay, in terms of relative winners and losers, determines its contribution to the resilience of social-ecological systems
1708-3087
1-9
Adger, W. Neil
880deff5-3dde-429f-9b50-4366c54bcfe7
Brown, Katrina
abd484a2-a63a-4cef-b95f-c1076b0625d6
Tompkins, Emma
a6116704-7140-4e37-bea1-2cbf39b138c3
Adger, W. Neil
880deff5-3dde-429f-9b50-4366c54bcfe7
Brown, Katrina
abd484a2-a63a-4cef-b95f-c1076b0625d6
Tompkins, Emma
a6116704-7140-4e37-bea1-2cbf39b138c3

Adger, W. Neil, Brown, Katrina and Tompkins, Emma (2005) The political economy of cross-scale networks in resource co-management. Ecology and Society, 10 (2), 1-9.

Record type: Article

Abstract

We investigate linkages between stakeholders in resource management that occur at different spatial and institutional levels and identify the winners and losers in such interactions. So-called crossscale interactions emerge because of the benefits to individual stakeholder groups in undertaking them or the high costs of not undertaking them. Hence there are uneven gains from cross-scale interactions that are themselves an integral part of social-ecological system governance. The political economy framework outlined here suggests that the determinants of the emergence of cross-scale interactions are the exercise of relative power between stakeholders and their costs of accessing and creating linkages. Cross-scale interactions by powerful stakeholders have the potential to undermine trust in resource management arrangements. If government regulators, for example, mobilize information and resources from cross-level interactions to reinforce their authority, this often disempowers other stakeholders such as resource users. Offsetting such impacts, some cross-scale interactions can be empowering for local level user groups in creating social and political capital. These issues are illustrated with observations on resource management in a marine protected area in Tobago in the Caribbean. The case study demonstrates that the structure of the cross-scale interplay, in terms of relative winners and losers, determines its contribution to the resilience of social-ecological systems

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More information

Published date: 2005
Organisations: Global Env Change & Earth Observation

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 202859
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/202859
ISSN: 1708-3087
PURE UUID: 70bc085a-3aaf-4344-bc97-1d990824aeae

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Date deposited: 10 Nov 2011 14:56
Last modified: 16 Jul 2019 23:18

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Contributors

Author: W. Neil Adger
Author: Katrina Brown
Author: Emma Tompkins

University divisions

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