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Generalized Anxiety Disorder is associated with reduced lung function in Vietnam Experience Study

Generalized Anxiety Disorder is associated with reduced lung function in Vietnam Experience Study
Generalized Anxiety Disorder is associated with reduced lung function in Vietnam Experience Study
Background There is no clear consensus in the few studies to have explored the relationship between major mental health disorders and lung function. The present study examined the cross-sectional associations of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) with lung function in a large study of male US veterans.

Methods Participants (N = 4256) were drawn from the Vietnam Experience Study. From military files, telephone interviews, and a medical examination, anthropometric, sociodemographic, and health data were collected. One-year prevalence of GAD and MDD was determined using DSM-III criteria. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second was measured by spirometry.

Results In models that adjusted for age and height, both GAD (p < .001) and MDD (p = .004) were associated with lower forced expiratory volume in 1 second. In models additionally adjusting for weight, place of service, ethnicity, marriage, smoking, alcohol consumption, income, education, and major illness, GAD was still associated with poorer lung function (p = .01), whereas MDD was not (p = .18).

Conclusions Depression has very much been the focus of studies on mental health and physical health status. The current findings suggest that future research should perhaps pay equal attention to GAD.
forced expiratory volume, generalized anxiety disorder, lung function, major depressive disorder
0033-3174
716-720
Carroll, Douglas
713a28c3-4e36-4dd8-aabe-1b5e93de8045
Phillips, Anna C.
d007c34d-e3b8-4a33-9608-841383e54e47
Gale, Catharine R.
5bb2abb3-7b53-42d6-8aa7-817e193140c8
Batty, G. David
605ce199-493d-4238-b9c8-a2c076672e83
Carroll, Douglas
713a28c3-4e36-4dd8-aabe-1b5e93de8045
Phillips, Anna C.
d007c34d-e3b8-4a33-9608-841383e54e47
Gale, Catharine R.
5bb2abb3-7b53-42d6-8aa7-817e193140c8
Batty, G. David
605ce199-493d-4238-b9c8-a2c076672e83

Carroll, Douglas, Phillips, Anna C., Gale, Catharine R. and Batty, G. David (2011) Generalized Anxiety Disorder is associated with reduced lung function in Vietnam Experience Study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 73 (8), 716-720. (doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e31822ff9e8). (PMID:21949419)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background There is no clear consensus in the few studies to have explored the relationship between major mental health disorders and lung function. The present study examined the cross-sectional associations of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) with lung function in a large study of male US veterans.

Methods Participants (N = 4256) were drawn from the Vietnam Experience Study. From military files, telephone interviews, and a medical examination, anthropometric, sociodemographic, and health data were collected. One-year prevalence of GAD and MDD was determined using DSM-III criteria. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second was measured by spirometry.

Results In models that adjusted for age and height, both GAD (p < .001) and MDD (p = .004) were associated with lower forced expiratory volume in 1 second. In models additionally adjusting for weight, place of service, ethnicity, marriage, smoking, alcohol consumption, income, education, and major illness, GAD was still associated with poorer lung function (p = .01), whereas MDD was not (p = .18).

Conclusions Depression has very much been the focus of studies on mental health and physical health status. The current findings suggest that future research should perhaps pay equal attention to GAD.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 23 September 2011
Published date: October 2011
Keywords: forced expiratory volume, generalized anxiety disorder, lung function, major depressive disorder
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 204875
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/204875
ISSN: 0033-3174
PURE UUID: 9e35adcb-a22b-478e-9f79-ac671b5c67d0
ORCID for Catharine R. Gale: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3361-8638

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 30 Nov 2011 10:15
Last modified: 12 Nov 2019 02:00

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Contributors

Author: Douglas Carroll
Author: Anna C. Phillips
Author: G. David Batty

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