Anne Frank in South Africa: remembering the Holocaust during and after Apartheid
Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 26, (3), . (doi:10.1093/hgs/dcs058).
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Over the past six decades, South Africans have drawn on the symbol of Anne Frank in diverse ways in order to make sense of their own history and politics. The portrayal of Anne underwent several dramatic shifts during the apartheid period and after the transition to a non-racial political system, from a 1950s play foregrounding the young diarist's Jewishness to a 2009 exhibition promoting tolerance and democracy. Below, the author considers what such representations can tell us more broadly about how the legacy of Nazism informed understandings of and responses to apartheid, and explores how the Holocaust was appropriated for disparate political ends in the postwar world's quintessential racial state.
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