The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

A new species of large auk from the Pliocene of Belgium

Martin, J.W.R., Walker, C.A., Bonser, R. and Dyke, Gareth J. (2000) A new species of large auk from the Pliocene of Belgium Oryctos, 3, pp. 53-60.

Record type: Article


A new species of fossil auk, Alca stewarti from the Kattendijk Sands Formation (early Pliocene) of Belgium is described. Preserved elements of this new species include humeri and ulnae, all of which are longer than those of the largest auk currently known, the recently extinct Great Auk (Pinguinus impennis). The relative proportions and structure of these wing elements, together with our estimates of body mass and wing loading suggest that this new species was capable of flapping flight. We consider the biomechanical implications for a large flighted auk, and speculate on the lifestyle and appearance of this new species. We also estimate the likely flight speed and flapping frequency of Alca stewarti.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2000
Organisations: Ocean Biochemistry & Ecosystems


Local EPrints ID: 205319
ISSN: 1290-4805
PURE UUID: 861d358b-bb77-491f-99d4-45c54d57807a

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 08 Dec 2011 14:55
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:04

Export record


Author: J.W.R. Martin
Author: C.A. Walker
Author: R. Bonser
Author: Gareth J. Dyke

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.