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Interannual variability in timing of bloom initiation in the California Current System

Henson, Stephanie A. and Thomas, Andrew C. (2007) Interannual variability in timing of bloom initiation in the California Current System Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, (C8), C08007.

Record type: Article

Abstract

In the California Current System the spring transition from poleward to equatorward alongshore wind stress heralds the beginning of upwelling-favorable conditions. The phytoplankton response to this transition is investigated using 8 years (1998–2005) of daily, 4-km resolution, Sea-viewing Wide Field of view Sensor (SeaWiFS) chlorophyll a concentration data. Cluster analysis of the chlorophyll a time series at each location is used to separate the inshore upwelling region from offshore and oligotrophic areas. An objective method for estimating the timing of bloom initiation is used to construct a map of the mean bloom start date. Interannual variability in bloom timing and magnitude is investigated in four regions: 45°N–50°N, 40°N–45°N, 35°N–40°N and 20°N–35°N. Daily satellite derived wind data (QuikSCAT) allow the timing of the first episode of persistently upwelling favorable winds to be estimated. Bloom initiation generally coincides with the onset of upwelling winds (±15 days). South of ?35°N, where winds are southward year-round, the timing of increased chlorophyll concentration corresponds closely to timing of the seasonal increase in upwelling intensity. A 1-D model and satellite derived photosynthetically available radiation data are used to estimate time series of depth-averaged irradiance. In the far north of the region (>46°N) light is shown to limit phytoplankton growth in early spring. In 2005 the spring bloom in the northern regions (>35°N) had a “false start”. A sharp increase in chl a in February quickly receded, and a sustained increase in biomass was delayed until July. We hypothesize that this resulted in a mismatch in timing of food availability to higher trophic levels.

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More information

Published date: 2007
Organisations: Marine Biogeochemistry

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 206055
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/206055
ISSN: 0148-0227
PURE UUID: 81f5c127-1048-4f3f-bc01-2d35e23f9aef

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 13 Dec 2011 15:54
Last modified: 01 Sep 2017 13:55

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Contributors

Author: Andrew C. Thomas

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