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The relationship between retrospective premenstrual symptom reporting and present oral contraceptive use

Graham, C. and Sherwin, Barbara (1987) The relationship between retrospective premenstrual symptom reporting and present oral contraceptive use Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 31, (1), pp. 45-53. (doi:10.1016/0022-3999(87)90097-3).

Record type: Article


The premenstrual assessment form (PAF) was used to assess the degree and type of premenstrual changes reported by 101 oral contraceptive users and 149 non-users (aged 18–45 yr) attending general health and gynaecology clinics. Women using oral contraceptives did not complain of fewer or less severe symptoms overall, but their severity scores of the subscales of premenstrual anxiety, fatigue, low mood, water retention, and impaired social functioning were significantly lower than those of non-users. The duration of oral contraceptive use and the type of preparation (combined or phased) taken were not related to the degree of premenstrual change reported. Complaints of symptoms beginning more than two days before menstruation were less frequently reported by pill-users (p<0.01) and were associated with a greater severity of all types of premenstrual change (p<0.0001). Women who had experienced difficulties tolerating oral contraceptives reported a greater number of moderate/severe premenstrual changes (p<0.0001).

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Published date: 1987
Organisations: Psychology


Local EPrints ID: 206917
ISSN: 0022-3999
PURE UUID: e9d43d49-33fb-4dd2-89f2-3abf0c524b36
ORCID for C. Graham: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 17 Jan 2012 10:59
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 10:50

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Author: C. Graham ORCID iD
Author: Barbara Sherwin

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