Watson, Helen R., Butler, John, Schuppe, Hansjurgen, Lee, Anthony G. and East, J. Malcolm
The localization of the ER retrieval sequence for the calcium pump SERCA1
Molecular Membrane Biology, 28, (4), . (doi:10.3109/09687688.2011.572566).
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A number of studies using chimeric constructs made by fusing endoplasmic/sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump (SERCA)sequences with those of the plasma membrane located calcium pump (PMCA) have suggested that the retention/
retrieval signal responsible for maintaining SERCA in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is located within the Nterminus
of these pumps. Because of the difficulties in identifying the presence of constructs at the plasma membrane we have used a trans-Golgi network (TGN) marker to evaluate whether chimeric proteins are retained by the ER or have lost their
retention/retrieval sequences and are able to enter the wider endomembrane system and reach the TGN. In this study, attempts to locate this retention/retrieval sequence demonstrate that the retention sequences are located not in the N-terminus, as previously suggested, but in the largely transmembranous C-terminal domain of SERCA. Further attempts to identify the precise retention/retrieval motif using SERCA1/PMCA3 chimeras were unsuccessful. This may be due to the fact that introducing SERCA1 sequences into the C-terminal PMCA3 sequence and vice versa disrupts the organization of the closely packed transmembrane helices leading to retention of such constructs by the quality control mechanisms of the ER. An alternative explanation is that SERCAs have targeting motifs that are non-linear, being made up of several segments of sequence to form a patch that interacts with the retrieval machinery.
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