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Seismic triggering of landslides and turbidity currents offshore Portugal

Record type: Article

Sediments in deep water basins often include turbidites that record sediment input from adjacent continental margins. In seismically active areas, where turbidity currents are triggered by earthquakes, the basinal turbidite sequence may thus contain a record of palaeoseismicity, which can be used to infer the frequency of earthquakes affecting the margins of the basin. This is particularly useful where large earthquakes have a recurrence interval than is greater than the historical record. However, turbidity currents can be triggered by several processes, and it is often difficult to trace individual turbidites to their precise source areas and to assign a definite trigger to a particular turbidite. Here, we demonstrate that turbidites emplaced at ?6600 and ?8300 Cal yr BP in the Tagus Abyssal Plain, off Portugal, correlate with erosional hiatuses in two submarine canyons on the continental margin. The turbidites are sourced from simultaneous landsliding in both canyons, requiring regional triggers interpreted as earthquakes. An earthquake recurrence interval for the continental margin of ?4000 years is estimated by extrapolation to deeper turbidites in the basin sequence. However, the example of the 1755 earthquake, which caused widespread devastation in southwest Iberia, shows that palaeoseismic interpretations must be made with caution. The 1755 earthquake had a magnitude >8.5 and yet the associated turbidite in the abyssal plain is typically ?5 cm thick, while older turbidites can be >1 m thick. Given the large 1755 earthquake magnitude, the difference in turbidite thickness is unlikely to be related to the relative size of triggering earthquakes. Instead, we suggest that the offshore location of the 1755 earthquake, coupled with low sedimentation rates during the Holocene, may have limited the size of the associated turbidite

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Citation

Masson, D.G., Arzola, R.G., Wynn, R.B., Hunt, J.E. and Weaver, P.P.E. (2011) Seismic triggering of landslides and turbidity currents offshore Portugal Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 12, Q12011. (doi:10.1029/2011GC003839).

More information

Published date: 2011
Organisations: Geology & Geophysics, Geochemistry, Marine Geoscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 208515
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/208515
ISSN: 1525-2027
PURE UUID: f860dfbd-2fd4-4e75-b133-2e52d62e6a85

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Jan 2012 15:10
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 10:48

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Contributors

Author: D.G. Masson
Author: R.G. Arzola
Author: R.B. Wynn
Author: J.E. Hunt
Author: P.P.E. Weaver

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