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Effects of temperature and humidity on the efficacy of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus challenged antimicrobial materials containing silver and copper

Record type: Article

Aims:?to compare silver and copper, metals with known antimicrobial properties, by evaluating the effects of temperature and humidity on efficacy by challenging with methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

Methods and results:?using standard methodology described in a globally used Japanese Industrial Standard, JIS Z 2801, a silver ion-containing material exhibited >5 log reduction in MRSA viability after 24 h at >90% relative humidity (RH) at 20°C and 35°C but only a <0·3 log at ?22% RH and 20°C and no reduction at ?22% RH and 35°C. Copper alloys demonstrated >5 log reductions under all test conditions.

Conclusions:?while the high humidity (>90% RH) and high temperature (35°C) utilized in JIS Z 2801 produce measurable efficacy in a silver ion-containing material, it showed no significant response at lower temperature and humidity levels typical of indoor environments.

Significance and Impact of the Study:? The high efficacy levels displayed by the copper alloys, at temperature and humidity levels typical of indoor environments, compared to the low efficacy of the silver ion-containing material under the same conditions, favours the use of copper alloys as antimicrobial materials in indoor environments such as hospitals

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Citation

Michels, H.T., Noyce, J.O. and Keevil, C.W. (2009) Effects of temperature and humidity on the efficacy of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus challenged antimicrobial materials containing silver and copper Letters in Applied Microbiology, 49, (2), pp. 191-195. (doi:10.1111/j.1472-765X.2009.02637.x). (PMID:19413757).

More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 27 April 2009
Published date: August 2009
Organisations: Centre for Biological Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 209313
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/209313
ISSN: 0266-8254
PURE UUID: 11462616-9722-4fb3-b80d-4168c2b34fcd
ORCID for C.W. Keevil: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1917-7706

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Jan 2012 15:22
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 10:47

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Contributors

Author: H.T. Michels
Author: J.O. Noyce
Author: C.W. Keevil ORCID iD

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