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Questioning the rise of gelatinous zooplankton in the World's oceans

Condon, Robert H, Graham, William M, Duarte, Carlos M, Pitt, Kylie A, Lucas, Cathy H., Haddock, Steven H, Sutherland, Kelly R, Robinson, Kelly L, Dawson, Michael N, Decker, Mary Beth, Mills, Claudia E, Purcell, Jennifer E, Malej, Alenka, Mianzan, Hermes, Uye, Shin-Ichi, Gelcich, Stefan and Madin, Laurence (2012) Questioning the rise of gelatinous zooplankton in the World's oceans BioScience, 62, (2), pp. 160-169. (doi:10.1525/bio.2012.62.2.9).

Record type: Article


During the past several decades, high numbers of gelatinous zooplankton species have been reported in many estuarine and coastal ecosystems. Coupled with media-driven public perception, a paradigm has evolved in which the global ocean ecosystems are thought to be heading toward being dominated by “nuisance” jellyfish. We question this current paradigm by presenting a broad overview of gelatinous zooplankton in a historical
context to develop the hypothesis that population changes reflect the human-mediated alteration of global ocean ecosystems. To this end, we synthesize information related to the evolutionary context of contemporary gelatinous zooplankton blooms, the human frame of reference for
changes in gelatinous zooplankton populations, and whether sufficient data are available to have established the paradigm. We conclude that the current paradigm in which it is believed that there has been a global increase in gelatinous zooplankton is unsubstantiated, and we develop a strategy for addressing the critical questions about long-term, human-related changes in the sea as they relate to gelatinous zooplankton blooms.

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Published date: 1 February 2012
Keywords: bloom, media, jellyfish, salp, global synthesis
Organisations: Ocean Biochemistry & Ecosystems


Local EPrints ID: 209715
ISSN: 0006-3568
PURE UUID: 115326c1-8579-4296-beff-5bdef94dd4b6
ORCID for Cathy H. Lucas: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 01 Feb 2012 10:29
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 10:46

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Author: Robert H Condon
Author: William M Graham
Author: Carlos M Duarte
Author: Kylie A Pitt
Author: Cathy H. Lucas ORCID iD
Author: Steven H Haddock
Author: Kelly R Sutherland
Author: Kelly L Robinson
Author: Michael N Dawson
Author: Mary Beth Decker
Author: Claudia E Mills
Author: Jennifer E Purcell
Author: Alenka Malej
Author: Hermes Mianzan
Author: Shin-Ichi Uye
Author: Stefan Gelcich
Author: Laurence Madin

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