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New evidence on the spatial organisation of the Valencina de la Concepción Copper Age settlement: the geophysics between La Pastora and Montelirio

Wheatley, David, Strutt, Kristian, García Sanjuán, Leonardo, Peinado Cucarella, José and Mora Molina, Coronada (2012) New evidence on the spatial organisation of the Valencina de la Concepción Copper Age settlement: the geophysics between La Pastora and Montelirio Trabajos de Prehistoria, 69, (1), pp. 65-79.

Record type: Article


The major Copper Age settlement of Valencina de la Concepción has been the subject of research interest over more than a century. The history of previous investigations at the site has resulted in a heterogeneous archaeological record that is particularly difficult and that displays significant gaps and problems. In this paper, we present the results of a geophysical survey carried out in December 2004 between the La Pastora and Montelirio sectors of this site in response to a proposed road development that eventually was never put into practice. This survey revealed several previously unknown features. These data are assessed in the light of the results obtained in the excavation carried out between 2007 and 2008 at the immediately adjacent sector of PP4-Montelirio, currently under study by us, where several dozen prehistoric features (both, non-megalithic and megalithic, funerary and non-funerary), were found. Altogether, this new evidence makes a significant contribution to the spatial interpretation of the Valencina de la Concepción site, particularly in so far they convey the first-ever cartography of a large area of this settlement. From this evidence, a discussion is made concerning the density and diversity of the features identified both between La Pastora and Montelirio as well as at the PP4-Montelirio sector, their potential patterns and diachrony. This raises questions regarding the traditional separation of the site into ‘settlement’ and ‘necropolis’ areas and contributes more generally to a better understanding of the spatial organisation of this large prehistoric settlement.

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Accepted/In Press date: January 2012
Published date: January 2012
Keywords: copper age, iberia, spain, geophysics, magnetometry, megaliths, negative features
Organisations: Archaeology


Local EPrints ID: 209975
ISSN: 0082-5638
PURE UUID: 28fd368d-04dd-4460-bf8a-6245b9c49fcb

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Date deposited: 06 Feb 2012 10:18
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 10:46

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Author: David Wheatley
Author: Kristian Strutt
Author: Leonardo García Sanjuán
Author: José Peinado Cucarella
Author: Coronada Mora Molina

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