Connelly, Douglas P., Copley, Jonathan T.P., Murton, Bramley J., Stansfield, Kate, Tyler, Paul A., German, Christopher R., Van Dover, Cindy L., Amon, Diva J., Furlong, Maaten, Grindlay, Nancy, Hayman, Nicholas, Hühnerbach, Veit, Judge, Maria, Le Bas, Tim, McPhail, Stephen, Meier, Alexandra, Nakamura, Ko-ichi, Nye, Verity, Pebody, Miles, Pedersen, Rolf B., Plouviez, Sophie, Sands, Carla, Searle, Roger C., Stevenson, Peter, Taws, Sarah and Wilcox, Sally
Hydrothermal vent fields and chemosynthetic biota on the world's deepest seafloor spreading centre
Nature Communications, 3, . (doi:10.1038/ncomms1636).
Full text not available from this repository.
The Mid-Cayman spreading centre is an ultraslow-spreading ridge in the Caribbean Sea. Its extreme depth and geographic isolation from other mid-ocean ridges offer insights into the effects of pressure on hydrothermal venting, and the biogeography of vent fauna. Here we report the discovery of two hydrothermal vent fields on the Mid-Cayman spreading centre. The Von Damm Vent Field is located on the upper slopes of an oceanic core complex at a depth of 2,300?m. High-temperature venting in this off-axis setting suggests that the global incidence of vent fields may be underestimated. At a depth of 4,960?m on the Mid-Cayman spreading centre axis, the Beebe Vent Field emits copper-enriched fluids and a buoyant plume that rises 1,100?m, consistent with >400?°C venting from the world's deepest known hydrothermal system. At both sites, a new morphospecies of alvinocaridid shrimp dominates faunal assemblages, which exhibit similarities to those of Mid-Atlantic vents.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
||earth sciences, ecology, geology and geophysics, oceanography
||Ocean Biochemistry & Ecosystems, Marine Geoscience, Ocean Technology and Engineering
|10 January 2012||Published|
||16 Feb 2012 10:38
||18 Apr 2017 00:25
|Further Information:||Google Scholar|
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