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A review of pulse tube refrigeration. Tubes à pulsion et froid

Richardson, R.N. and Evans, B.E. (1997) A review of pulse tube refrigeration. Tubes à pulsion et froid International Journal of Refrigeration, 20, (5), pp. 367-373. (doi:10.1016/S0140-7007(97)00005-4).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The pulse tube belongs to the class of miniature cryogenic refrigerators usually referred to as cryocoolers. In common with Stirling and Gifford-McMahon machines, operation depends on a regenerative gas expansion cycle but unlike these coolers the pulse tube has no moving parts at low temperature and hence offers the potential for high reliability. Although comparisons may be drawn between the operation of a pulse tube and that of a Stirling cooler, the exact nature of the working cycle is far from clear and the device continues to intrigue. We provide here an introduction to the device and attempt to explain it's operation as a conventional second law system.
Résumé
Le tube à pulsion appartient à la catégorie des réfrigérateurs cryogéniques miniatures communément appelés cryorefroidisseurs. Comme pour les machines Stirling et Gifford-McMahon, leur fonctionnement dépend d'un cycle régénérateur à détente gazeuse; mais à la différence de ces machines, le tube à pulsion ne possède pas de partie mobile à basse température ce qui lui permet une grande fiabilité. Bien que l'on puisse comparer le fonctionnement d'un tube à pulsion et celui d'un refroidisseur Stirling, la nature exacte de son cycle frigorifique est loin d'être élucidée et cet appareil suscite encore des interrogations. Nous présentons ici le dispositif et tentons d'en expliquer le fonctionnement d'une façon traditionnelle fondée sur le deuxième principe.

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More information

Published date: 1997
Keywords: pulse tube refrigerator, cryocooler, miniature refrigeratortube à pulsion, cryoréfrigérateur miniature

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 21099
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/21099
ISSN: 0140-7007
PURE UUID: 8496861b-c00a-40d8-8cff-ee495126abd9

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 13 Nov 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:27

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Contributors

Author: R.N. Richardson
Author: B.E. Evans

University divisions

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