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High-speed flow with discontinuous surface catalysis

High-speed flow with discontinuous surface catalysis
High-speed flow with discontinuous surface catalysis
In a reacting gas flow both gas-phase chemical activity and surface catalysis can increase the rate of heat transfer from the gas to a solid surface. In particular, when there is a discontinuous change in the catalytic properties of the surface, there can be a very large increase in the local heat transfer rate. In this study numerical simulations have been performed for the laminar high-speed flow of a high-temperature, non-equilibrium reacting gas mixture over a flat plate.
The surface of the plate is partly catalytic, with the leading region non-catalytic, and a discontinuous change in the catalytic properties of the surface at the catalytic junction. The surface is assumed to be isothermal, and cold relative to the free stream. The gas is assumed to be a mixture of molecular and atomic forms of a diatomic gas in an inert gas forming a thermal bath, giving a three-species mixture with dissociation and recombination of the reactive species.
The calculations are performed for a gas with atomic and molecular oxygen in an argon bath, but a full range of gas-phase chemical and surface catalytic effects is considered. Kinetic schemes with frozen gas-phase chemistry, and partial or full recombination of atomic oxygen in the boundary layer are investigated. The catalytic nature of the surface material is given by a catalytic recombination rate coeffcient, which varies from zero (non-catalytic) to one (fully catalytic), and the effects on the flow and the surface heat transfer of materials which are non-, partially, or fully catalytic are considered.
A self-similar thin-layer analytical model of the change in the gas composition downstream of the catalytic junction is developed. For physically realistic (O(10[minus sign]2)) values of the catalytic recombination rate coeffcient, the predictions from this model of the surface values of the atomic oxygen mass fraction and the catalytic surface heat transfer rate are excellent when the only change in the composition of the gas comes from the surface catalysis, and reasonable when there is partial recombination of the gas in the boundary layer due to the gas-phase chemistry. In contrast, when the surface is fully catalytic, the streamwise diffusion terms play a significant role, and the model is not valid.
These results should apply to other situations with an attached boundary layer with recombination reactions. A comparison is made between the calculated and experimental measurements of the heat transfer rate at the catalytic junction. With a kinetic scheme which allows partial recombination in the boundary layer, good agreement is found between the experimental and predicted values for surface materials which are essentially non-catalytic. For a catalytic material (platinum), the experimental and numerical heat transfer rates are matched to estimate the value of the catalytic recombination rate coeffcient. The values obtained show a considerable amount of scatter, but are consistent with those found in the literature.
0022-1120
325-359
Amaratunga, S.R.
d9b5300a-3a1b-44ab-9429-f61fc142722a
Tutty, O.R.
c9ba0b98-4790-4a72-b5b7-09c1c6e20375
Roberts, G.T.
deaf59ac-e4ee-4fc2-accf-df0639d39368
Amaratunga, S.R.
d9b5300a-3a1b-44ab-9429-f61fc142722a
Tutty, O.R.
c9ba0b98-4790-4a72-b5b7-09c1c6e20375
Roberts, G.T.
deaf59ac-e4ee-4fc2-accf-df0639d39368

Amaratunga, S.R., Tutty, O.R. and Roberts, G.T. (2000) High-speed flow with discontinuous surface catalysis. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 420, 325-359.

Record type: Article

Abstract

In a reacting gas flow both gas-phase chemical activity and surface catalysis can increase the rate of heat transfer from the gas to a solid surface. In particular, when there is a discontinuous change in the catalytic properties of the surface, there can be a very large increase in the local heat transfer rate. In this study numerical simulations have been performed for the laminar high-speed flow of a high-temperature, non-equilibrium reacting gas mixture over a flat plate.
The surface of the plate is partly catalytic, with the leading region non-catalytic, and a discontinuous change in the catalytic properties of the surface at the catalytic junction. The surface is assumed to be isothermal, and cold relative to the free stream. The gas is assumed to be a mixture of molecular and atomic forms of a diatomic gas in an inert gas forming a thermal bath, giving a three-species mixture with dissociation and recombination of the reactive species.
The calculations are performed for a gas with atomic and molecular oxygen in an argon bath, but a full range of gas-phase chemical and surface catalytic effects is considered. Kinetic schemes with frozen gas-phase chemistry, and partial or full recombination of atomic oxygen in the boundary layer are investigated. The catalytic nature of the surface material is given by a catalytic recombination rate coeffcient, which varies from zero (non-catalytic) to one (fully catalytic), and the effects on the flow and the surface heat transfer of materials which are non-, partially, or fully catalytic are considered.
A self-similar thin-layer analytical model of the change in the gas composition downstream of the catalytic junction is developed. For physically realistic (O(10[minus sign]2)) values of the catalytic recombination rate coeffcient, the predictions from this model of the surface values of the atomic oxygen mass fraction and the catalytic surface heat transfer rate are excellent when the only change in the composition of the gas comes from the surface catalysis, and reasonable when there is partial recombination of the gas in the boundary layer due to the gas-phase chemistry. In contrast, when the surface is fully catalytic, the streamwise diffusion terms play a significant role, and the model is not valid.
These results should apply to other situations with an attached boundary layer with recombination reactions. A comparison is made between the calculated and experimental measurements of the heat transfer rate at the catalytic junction. With a kinetic scheme which allows partial recombination in the boundary layer, good agreement is found between the experimental and predicted values for surface materials which are essentially non-catalytic. For a catalytic material (platinum), the experimental and numerical heat transfer rates are matched to estimate the value of the catalytic recombination rate coeffcient. The values obtained show a considerable amount of scatter, but are consistent with those found in the literature.

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Published date: 2000

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 21329
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/21329
ISSN: 0022-1120
PURE UUID: c4b3ac27-2eb8-4baf-b642-977578301cca

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Date deposited: 19 Jul 2006
Last modified: 16 Oct 2017 12:44

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