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Water and sediment movement around a coastal headland: Portland Bill, southern UK

Bastos, A., Collins, M. and Kenyon, N. (2003) Water and sediment movement around a coastal headland: Portland Bill, southern UK Ocean Dynamics, 53, (3), pp. 309-321.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Numerical simulations of tidal flow and sand transport around a coastal headland (Portland Bill, southern UK) were undertaken to investigate patterns of sand transport during the development of tidally induced transient eddies. Results obtained from a 2-D finite-element hydrodynamic model (TELEMAC-2D) were combined with a sediment transport model (SEDTRANS), to simulate the sand transport processes around the headland. Simulation of the tidal flow around Portland Bill has shown the formation and evolution of tidally induced transient eddies, around the headland. During the evolution of these transient eddies, no current-induced bedload (transport) eddy is formed for either side of the headland. Net bedload sand transport direction, around a coastal headland, is the result of instantaneous gradients in bedload transport rates, during flood and ebb flows, rather than the average (residual) flow. Thus, the use of residual (water) circulation to describe patterns of sediment movement as bedload is not an appropriatedapproach. In the case study presented here, the distinct characteristics of the coastal and seabed morphology around the Isle of Portland (i.e. headland shape and the bathymetry) indicate that these parameters can be influencing tidal (flow) and sediment dispersion around the headland. Such an interpretation has broader implications and applications to headland-associated sandbanks elsewhere.

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More information

Published date: 2003
Keywords: TIDAL MODELS, PORTLAND BILL, HEADLANDS, NUMERICAL ANALYSIS, TIDAL CURRENTS, SEDIMENT TRANSPORT, SAND BANKS, GEOLOGY

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 2265
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/2265
ISSN: 1616-7341
PURE UUID: 04bca955-d534-4c87-a276-317af9d1b081

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 24 May 2004
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 17:15

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Contributors

Author: A. Bastos
Author: M. Collins
Author: N. Kenyon

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