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Application of an interface failure model to predict fatigue crack growth in an implanted metallic femoral stem

Application of an interface failure model to predict fatigue crack growth in an implanted metallic femoral stem
Application of an interface failure model to predict fatigue crack growth in an implanted metallic femoral stem
A novel computational modelling technique has been developed for the prediction of crack growth in load bearing orthopaedic alloys subjected to fatigue loading. Elastic–plastic fracture mechanics has been used to define a three-dimensional fracture model, which explicitly models the opening, sliding and tearing process. This model consists of 3D nonlinear spring elements implemented in conjunction with a brittle material failure function, which is defined by the fracture energy for each nonlinear spring element. Thus, the fracture energy criterion is implicit in the brittle material failure function to search for crack initiation and crack development automatically. A degradation function is employed to reduce interfacial fracture properties corresponding to the number of cycles; thus fatigue lifetime can be predicted. Unlike other failure modelling methods, this model predicts the failure load, crack path and residual stiffness directly without assuming any pre-flaw condition. As an example, fatigue of a cobalt based alloy (CoCrMo) femoral stem is simulated. Experimental fatigue data was obtained from four point bending tests. The finite element model simulated a fully embedded implant with a constant point load. Comparison between the model and mechanical test results showed good agreement in fatigue crack growth rate.
interface failure model, degradation function, fatigue crack growth, finite element, hip implant
0169-2607
249-256
Chen, J.
116323ca-c4fd-4be2-96cb-a54d6cec5cc4
Browne, M.
6578cc37-7bd6-43b9-ae5c-77ccb7726397
Taylor, M.
e368bda3-6ca5-4178-80e9-41a689badeeb
Gregson, P.J.
ddc3b65d-18fb-4c11-9fa1-feb7e9cbe9fe
Chen, J.
116323ca-c4fd-4be2-96cb-a54d6cec5cc4
Browne, M.
6578cc37-7bd6-43b9-ae5c-77ccb7726397
Taylor, M.
e368bda3-6ca5-4178-80e9-41a689badeeb
Gregson, P.J.
ddc3b65d-18fb-4c11-9fa1-feb7e9cbe9fe

Chen, J., Browne, M., Taylor, M. and Gregson, P.J. (2004) Application of an interface failure model to predict fatigue crack growth in an implanted metallic femoral stem. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 73 (3), 249-256. (doi:10.1016/S0169-2607(03)00042-7).

Record type: Article

Abstract

A novel computational modelling technique has been developed for the prediction of crack growth in load bearing orthopaedic alloys subjected to fatigue loading. Elastic–plastic fracture mechanics has been used to define a three-dimensional fracture model, which explicitly models the opening, sliding and tearing process. This model consists of 3D nonlinear spring elements implemented in conjunction with a brittle material failure function, which is defined by the fracture energy for each nonlinear spring element. Thus, the fracture energy criterion is implicit in the brittle material failure function to search for crack initiation and crack development automatically. A degradation function is employed to reduce interfacial fracture properties corresponding to the number of cycles; thus fatigue lifetime can be predicted. Unlike other failure modelling methods, this model predicts the failure load, crack path and residual stiffness directly without assuming any pre-flaw condition. As an example, fatigue of a cobalt based alloy (CoCrMo) femoral stem is simulated. Experimental fatigue data was obtained from four point bending tests. The finite element model simulated a fully embedded implant with a constant point load. Comparison between the model and mechanical test results showed good agreement in fatigue crack growth rate.

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More information

Published date: 2004
Keywords: interface failure model, degradation function, fatigue crack growth, finite element, hip implant

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 22722
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/22722
ISSN: 0169-2607
PURE UUID: dc43508d-b50b-45a9-89f4-6281cb2954f6
ORCID for M. Browne: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5184-050X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 23 Mar 2006
Last modified: 29 Oct 2019 02:04

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Contributors

Author: J. Chen
Author: M. Browne ORCID iD
Author: M. Taylor
Author: P.J. Gregson

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