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Characteristics of diffusion in Al-Mg alloys with ultrafine grain sizes

Fujita, Takeshi, Horita, Zenji and Langdon, Terence G. (2002) Characteristics of diffusion in Al-Mg alloys with ultrafine grain sizes Philosophical Magazine, 82, (11), pp. 2249-2262. (doi:10.1080/014186102760140522).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) was used to refine the grain sizes of pure Al and an Al–3 wt% Mg alloy containing minor additions of either Sc or Zr. Following ECAP, the grain sizes were in the ultrafine submicrometre range. Diffusion couples were prepared from the fine-grained material produced by ECAP and from the coarse-grained material without ECAP and these couples were used to measure the interdiffusion coefficients for Mg in an Al lattice. The results show the interdiffusion coefficient is larger in the fine-grained material and the experimental data from this couple agree with predictions from molecular dynamic simulations using the embedded-atom method. An activation energy of about 87 kJ mol-1 is estimated for grain-boundary diffusion of Mg in Al where this value is consistent with the expectations from measurements of the activation energy for lattice diffusion of Mg in Al. There is no evidence for enhanced diffusion in the boundaries produced by ECAP due, it is suggested, to the rapid equilibration of these non-equilibrium boundaries at elevated temperatures.

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Published date: 2002

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 23788
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/23788
ISSN: 0141-8610
PURE UUID: 9e5a82c4-537a-4dff-a093-99ba36bf9244
ORCID for Terence G. Langdon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3541-9250

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Date deposited: 28 Mar 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:16

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Contributors

Author: Takeshi Fujita
Author: Zenji Horita

University divisions

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