Glacial Mediterranean sea surface temperatures based on planktonic foraminiferal assemblages

Hayes, A., Kucera, M., Kallel, N., Sbaffi, L. and Rohling, E.J. (2005) Glacial Mediterranean sea surface temperatures based on planktonic foraminiferal assemblages Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, (7-9), pp. 999-1016. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.02.018).


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We present a new reconstruction of Mediterranean sea surface temperatures (SST) during the last glacial maximum (LGM). A calibration data set based on census counts of 23 species of planktonic foraminifera in 129 North Atlantic and 145 Mediterranean core top samples was used to develop summer, winter and annual average SST reconstructions using artificial neural networks (ANNs) and the revised analogue method (RAM). Prediction errors determined by cross-validation of the calibration data set ranged between 0.5 and 1.1 °C, with both techniques being most successful in predicting winter SSTs. Glacial reconstructions are based on a new, expanded data set of 273 samples in 37 cores with consistent minimum level of age control.
The new LGM reconstructions suggest that the east–west temperature gradient during the glacial summer was 9 °C, whereas during the glacial winter, the gradient was 6 °C, both some 4 °C higher than that existing today. In contrast to earlier studies, our results tend to suggest much cooler SST estimates throughout the glacial Mediterranean, particularly in the eastern basin where previous SST reconstructions indicated a decrease of only 1 °C. Our new SST reconstructions will provide the modelling community with a detailed and updated portrayal of the Mediterranean Sea during the LGM, setting new targets on which glacial simulations can be tested.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.02.018
ISSNs: 0277-3791 (print)
ePrint ID: 24012
Date :
Date Event
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 22:42
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