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A factorial analysis of the marine carbon cycle controls on atmospheric CO2

Record type: Article

A factorial experiment with a new Earth system model of intermediate complexity is used to assess the sensitivity of atmospheric CO2 to organic, carbonate and solubility pumps, ocean circulation state, and climate feedback. An analysis of variance of the results reveals that the organic, carbonate, and solubility pumps act multiplicatively and account for 94% of the variance of atmospheric CO2. The organic pump explains 63% (89 ppm), the solubility pump 24% (55 ppm), the carbonate pump 6% (28 ppm), and ocean circulation 0.3% (12 ppm) of the variance. Removing all pumps increases atmospheric CO2 from 278 to 525 ppm. Including interactions with all the pumps increases the effects of ocean circulation from 12 to 56 ppm. However, the ocean circulation states used are unlikely to span the full range of possible states. Changes in Pacific circulation have more effect on atmospheric CO2 than Atlantic circulation.

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Citation

Cameron, D.R., Lenton, T.M., Ridgwell, A.J., Shepherd, J.G., Marsh, R. and Yool, A. (2005) A factorial analysis of the marine carbon cycle controls on atmospheric CO2 Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19, (4), pp. 1-12. (doi:10.1029/2005GB002489).

More information

Published date: 2005
Keywords: atmospheric CO2, factorial, oceanic carbon pumps

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 24129
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/24129
ISSN: 0886-6236
PURE UUID: efb1cedb-16eb-4350-8b26-1208e9a86e6e
ORCID for J.G. Shepherd: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5230-4781

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 22 Mar 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:14

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Contributors

Author: D.R. Cameron
Author: T.M. Lenton
Author: A.J. Ridgwell
Author: J.G. Shepherd ORCID iD
Author: R. Marsh
Author: A. Yool

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