The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Developing a measure of attitudes: the holistic complementary and alternative medicine questionnaire

Hyland, M.E., Lewith, G.T. and Westoby, C. (2003) Developing a measure of attitudes: the holistic complementary and alternative medicine questionnaire Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 11, (1), pp. 33-38. (doi:10.1016/S0965-2299(02)00113-9).

Record type: Article


We have developed an 11-item scale, the Holistic Complementary and Alternative Medicine Questionnaire (HCAMQ). Six of the HCAMQ items relate to beliefs about the scientific validity of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and five to beliefs about holistic health (HH). The HCAMQ was completed by 50 patients attending a CAM clinic and 50 attending rheumatology outpatients; the former completed it twice. Factor analysis (oblique rotation) showed that the CAM and HH items measured distinct but related constructs. The HCAMQ has good test retest reliability (r=0.86, 0.82 and 0.77 for the total, CAM subscale and HH subscale, respectively). The individuals attending CAM clinics were significantly more positive on the CAM but not the HH subscale of the HCAMQ and also used less antibiotics than those attending rheumatology outpatients. Positivity towards CAM on the total HCAMQ and subscales was significantly associated with lower age, increased vitamin use, reduced painkiller use, and, other than on the HH subscale, less antibiotic use. The reason why the HH subscale failed to distinguish between the two patient groups or predict less antibiotic use is unknown. The HCAMQ appears to have good internal validity, but its external validity remains to be established.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2003


Local EPrints ID: 24349
ISSN: 0965-2299
PURE UUID: 7288c4d1-5d60-4a87-9c0d-a0f3b6303d8e

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 30 Mar 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:13

Export record



Author: M.E. Hyland
Author: G.T. Lewith
Author: C. Westoby

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.