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The study of infectious intestinal disease in England: risk factors for cases of infectious intestinal disease with Campylobacter jejuni infection

Record type: Article

This is a case-control study aimed at identifying risk factors for intestinal infection with Campylobacter jejuni. Cases were defined as subjects with diarrhoea occurring in community cohorts or presenting to General Practitioners (GPs) with Campylobacter jejuni in stools. Controls were selected from GP lists or cohorts, matched by age, sex, and GP practice. Travel abroad and consumption of chicken in a restaurant were statistically significantly associated with being a case. There was no statistically significant risk associated with consumption of chicken other than in restaurants nor with reported domestic kitchen hygiene practices. Consumption of some foods was associated with a lower risk of being a case. Most cases remained unexplained. We suggest that infection with low numbers of micro-organisms, and individual susceptibility may play a greater role in the causation of campylobacter infection than previously thought. It is possible that in mild, sporadic cases infection may result from cross contamination from kitchen hygiene practices usually regarded as acceptable. Chicken may be a less important vehicle of infection for sporadic cases than for outbreaks, although its role as a source of infection in both settings requires further clarification in particular in relation to the effect of domestic hygiene practices. The potential effect of diet in reducing the risk of campylobacteriosis requires exploration.

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Citation

Rodrigues, L.C., Cowden, J.M., Wheeler, J.G., Sethi, D., Wall, P.G., Tompkins, D.S., Hudson, M.J., Roberts, J.A. and Roderick, P.J. (2001) The study of infectious intestinal disease in England: risk factors for cases of infectious intestinal disease with Campylobacter jejuni infection Epidemiology and Infection, 127, (2), 185 -193. (doi:10.1017/S0950268801006057).

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Published date: 2001

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 24496
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/24496
ISSN: 0950-2688
PURE UUID: c42ff2df-f741-49c3-8f97-58ce12319b38

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Date deposited: 31 Mar 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:13

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Contributors

Author: L.C. Rodrigues
Author: J.M. Cowden
Author: J.G. Wheeler
Author: D. Sethi
Author: P.G. Wall
Author: D.S. Tompkins
Author: M.J. Hudson
Author: J.A. Roberts
Author: P.J. Roderick

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