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Cardio-respiratory morbidity and long-term exposure to particulate air pollution

Cardio-respiratory morbidity and long-term exposure to particulate air pollution
Cardio-respiratory morbidity and long-term exposure to particulate air pollution
To explore the long-term influence of particulate air pollution on cardio-respiratory morbidity in the UK, a cross-sectional postal survey was conducted. Women were randomly selected from the electoral rolls of 11 wards in which Black Smoke measurements had been collected over at least 30 years. Our analyses included 1,166 women aged 45 years or older who had lived within 5 miles of their current address for at least 30 years. After adjustment for potential confounders there was no clear increase in prevalence of productive cough or medically diagnosed ischaemic heart disease with long-term residence in places with higher levels of particulate pollution. The prevalence of asthma was lower in wards with the highest Black Smoke measurements (prevalence ratio 0.7, 95% CI 0.5?-?1.0). Our findings provide no indication that prolonged residence in places with relatively high levels of particulate pollution causes an important increase in cardio-respiratory morbidity. This is in contrast to observations in US studies. In view of this discordance, there is a need for further evaluation of the long-term impact of particulate pollution on health in the UK.
asthma, bronchities, coronary heart disease, black smoke
327-335
Solomon, Christine
4015a7ce-a704-40ee-8cc6-d0031377865e
Poole, Jason
88c69acd-8ff1-4d82-bd3d-8ea1720557e1
Jarup, Lars
8e121e55-6c45-4ec5-a5dc-f91cb5317d60
Palmer, Keith
21f0ed0d-784f-4a7a-9fd1-7d3eeac125fa
Coggon, David
2b43ce0a-cc61-4d86-b15d-794208ffa5d3
Solomon, Christine
4015a7ce-a704-40ee-8cc6-d0031377865e
Poole, Jason
88c69acd-8ff1-4d82-bd3d-8ea1720557e1
Jarup, Lars
8e121e55-6c45-4ec5-a5dc-f91cb5317d60
Palmer, Keith
21f0ed0d-784f-4a7a-9fd1-7d3eeac125fa
Coggon, David
2b43ce0a-cc61-4d86-b15d-794208ffa5d3

Solomon, Christine, Poole, Jason, Jarup, Lars, Palmer, Keith and Coggon, David (2003) Cardio-respiratory morbidity and long-term exposure to particulate air pollution. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 13 (4), 327-335. (doi:10.1080/09603120310001616100).

Record type: Article

Abstract

To explore the long-term influence of particulate air pollution on cardio-respiratory morbidity in the UK, a cross-sectional postal survey was conducted. Women were randomly selected from the electoral rolls of 11 wards in which Black Smoke measurements had been collected over at least 30 years. Our analyses included 1,166 women aged 45 years or older who had lived within 5 miles of their current address for at least 30 years. After adjustment for potential confounders there was no clear increase in prevalence of productive cough or medically diagnosed ischaemic heart disease with long-term residence in places with higher levels of particulate pollution. The prevalence of asthma was lower in wards with the highest Black Smoke measurements (prevalence ratio 0.7, 95% CI 0.5?-?1.0). Our findings provide no indication that prolonged residence in places with relatively high levels of particulate pollution causes an important increase in cardio-respiratory morbidity. This is in contrast to observations in US studies. In view of this discordance, there is a need for further evaluation of the long-term impact of particulate pollution on health in the UK.

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More information

Published date: 2003
Keywords: asthma, bronchities, coronary heart disease, black smoke

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 24515
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/24515
PURE UUID: 786aacb9-5add-45ec-a448-fab9680eeeab
ORCID for David Coggon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1930-3987

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 30 Mar 2006
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 02:51

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Contributors

Author: Christine Solomon
Author: Jason Poole
Author: Lars Jarup
Author: Keith Palmer
Author: David Coggon ORCID iD

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