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International Genetic Epidemiology Society: commentary on Darkness in El Dorado by Patrick Tierney

International Genetic Epidemiology Society: commentary on Darkness in El Dorado by Patrick Tierney
International Genetic Epidemiology Society: commentary on Darkness in El Dorado by Patrick Tierney
The International Genetic Epidemiology Society (IGES) has examined the charges against James V. Neel and his colleagues contained in the recently published book by Patrick Tierney entitled Darkness in El Dorado: How Scientists and Journalists Devastated the Amazon (W.W. Norton, 2000). The book implicates Neel in causing or promoting an epidemic of measles among the Yanomamö Indians of Venezuela in 1968 leading to hundreds if not thousands of deaths by using a dinosaur vaccine (Edmonston B) as a deliberate experiment to test his eugenic theories. Tierney also attempts to link this research, funded by the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), with a broader tapestry of human radiation experiments. To investigate these serious charges, the IGES undertook a thorough examination of most source documents referenced in Tierneys book, Neels field logs, notes, first-hand reports, contemporary writings, film sound tracks, etc., and conducted interviews with many relevant persons. The IGES finds that these allegations are false. Neel was not a eugenicist and was in fact highly critical of both the scientific basis of eugenics and its coercive social policies. In this regard, Tierney has grossly misrepresented Neels views on a wide range of social implications of modern civilization for the long-term health of the gene pool. Far from causing an epidemic of measles, Neel did his utmost to protect the Yanomamö from the ravages of the impending epidemic by a vaccination program using a vaccine that was widely used at the time and administered in an appropriate manner. There was nothing experimental about the vaccination program, which in fact severely hindered the primary scientific objectives of the expedition. Although the research was funded in large part by the AEC, there was no element of radiation research and the work had no connection with the ethical abuses that have been reported from AEC-sponsored radiation research, such as studies of heavy isotopes. Neels seminal contributions to a broad range of topics in human genetics have been extensively chronicled elsewhere. His research on the Yanomamö in particular has provided unique insights into the evolutionary biology of our species, the role of sociocultural practices, such as kinship relationships and selective pressures in shaping the genetic diversity of primitive population isolates, as well as the general picture of health in such populations. The IGES decries the damage done to the reputation of one of its founders and its first President and the misperception this book may have caused about the conduct of research in genetic epidemiology. Ethical issues about scientific research in primitive populations deserve serious and wide discussion, but the IGES condemns the gross misrepresentation of the facts and demonization of the principal characters in this book. Genet. Epidemiol. 21:81-104, 2001.
81 - 104
Baur, M. P.
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Majumder, P. P.
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Amos, C. I.
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Feingold, J. I.
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King, T. M.
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Morton, N. E.
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Province, M. A.
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Spence, M. A.
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Thomas, D. C.
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Baur, M. P.
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Majumder, P. P.
96d4ef15-abaf-45e7-ac47-aa0c607022c4
Amos, C. I.
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Feingold, J. I.
286c83f6-fdbd-49c2-9803-b45a41c6c158
King, T. M.
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Morton, N. E.
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Province, M. A.
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Spence, M. A.
c0d96f1a-29ba-402a-af6f-6806c0a42a77
Thomas, D. C.
26308a1f-31a8-436b-80bc-c9356516ac4b

Baur, M. P., Majumder, P. P., Amos, C. I., Feingold, J. I., King, T. M., Morton, N. E., Province, M. A., Spence, M. A. and Thomas, D. C. (2001) International Genetic Epidemiology Society: commentary on Darkness in El Dorado by Patrick Tierney. Genetic Epidemiology, 21 (2), 81 - 104. (doi:10.1002/gepi.1020).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The International Genetic Epidemiology Society (IGES) has examined the charges against James V. Neel and his colleagues contained in the recently published book by Patrick Tierney entitled Darkness in El Dorado: How Scientists and Journalists Devastated the Amazon (W.W. Norton, 2000). The book implicates Neel in causing or promoting an epidemic of measles among the Yanomamö Indians of Venezuela in 1968 leading to hundreds if not thousands of deaths by using a dinosaur vaccine (Edmonston B) as a deliberate experiment to test his eugenic theories. Tierney also attempts to link this research, funded by the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), with a broader tapestry of human radiation experiments. To investigate these serious charges, the IGES undertook a thorough examination of most source documents referenced in Tierneys book, Neels field logs, notes, first-hand reports, contemporary writings, film sound tracks, etc., and conducted interviews with many relevant persons. The IGES finds that these allegations are false. Neel was not a eugenicist and was in fact highly critical of both the scientific basis of eugenics and its coercive social policies. In this regard, Tierney has grossly misrepresented Neels views on a wide range of social implications of modern civilization for the long-term health of the gene pool. Far from causing an epidemic of measles, Neel did his utmost to protect the Yanomamö from the ravages of the impending epidemic by a vaccination program using a vaccine that was widely used at the time and administered in an appropriate manner. There was nothing experimental about the vaccination program, which in fact severely hindered the primary scientific objectives of the expedition. Although the research was funded in large part by the AEC, there was no element of radiation research and the work had no connection with the ethical abuses that have been reported from AEC-sponsored radiation research, such as studies of heavy isotopes. Neels seminal contributions to a broad range of topics in human genetics have been extensively chronicled elsewhere. His research on the Yanomamö in particular has provided unique insights into the evolutionary biology of our species, the role of sociocultural practices, such as kinship relationships and selective pressures in shaping the genetic diversity of primitive population isolates, as well as the general picture of health in such populations. The IGES decries the damage done to the reputation of one of its founders and its first President and the misperception this book may have caused about the conduct of research in genetic epidemiology. Ethical issues about scientific research in primitive populations deserve serious and wide discussion, but the IGES condemns the gross misrepresentation of the facts and demonization of the principal characters in this book. Genet. Epidemiol. 21:81-104, 2001.

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Published date: 2001

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Local EPrints ID: 24622
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/24622
PURE UUID: 35f4e015-cb39-4057-88cd-68fbdeaee43a

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Date deposited: 04 Apr 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:13

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Contributors

Author: M. P. Baur
Author: P. P. Majumder
Author: C. I. Amos
Author: J. I. Feingold
Author: T. M. King
Author: N. E. Morton
Author: M. A. Province
Author: M. A. Spence
Author: D. C. Thomas

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