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Neoconstructivism: A Unifying Constraint for the Cognitive Sciences

Harnad, Stevan, Simon, T and Scholes, R (eds.) (1982) Neoconstructivism: A Unifying Constraint for the Cognitive Sciences, Erlbaum

Record type: Book


ABSTRACT: Behavioral scientists studied behavior; cognitive scientists study what generates behavior. Cognitive science is hence theoretical behaviorism (or behaviorism is experimental cognitivism). Behavior is data for a cognitive theorist. What counts as a theory of behavior? In this paper, a methodological constraint on theory construction -- "neoconstructivism" -- will be proposed (by analogy with constructivism in mathematics): Cognitive theory must be computable; given an encoding of the input to a behaving system, a theory must be able to compute (an encoding of) its outputs. It is a mistake to conclude, however, that this constraint requires cognitive theory to be computational, or that it follows from this that cognition is computation.

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Published date: 1982
Additional Information: Address: Hillsdale NJ US
Keywords: behaviorism, cognition, computation, explanation, modeling
Organisations: Web & Internet Science


Local EPrints ID: 250383
PURE UUID: 8e67d34e-66c9-4052-b2f7-b9e59503116b

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Date deposited: 04 May 1999
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 10:42

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Author: Stevan Harnad
Editor: T Simon
Editor: R Scholes

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