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What is osteoporosis?

What is osteoporosis?
What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a very common disorder, which results in an increase in fracture risk. The annual cost attributable to hip, vertebral, and wrist fractures in England and Wales is £1.7 billion. Significant mortality and morbidity are associated with osteoporotic fractures. The method that is most widely used for the diagnosis of osteoporosis is dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. The aim of prevention and treatment of osteoporosis is to prevent the occurrence of future fractures. Lifestyle changes should be encouraged in high risk patients. Pharmacological treatments include the bisphosphonates, hormone replacement therapy, selective oestrogen receptor modulators, calcitonin, the 1–34 fragment of parathyroid hormone, calcium and vitamin D supplements, and calcitriol.
osteoporosis, epidemiology, fracture
0032-5473
133-138
Christodoulou, C.
3d0fc606-4edb-47e2-8774-220aba7c6db9
Cooper, C.
e05f5612-b493-4273-9b71-9e0ce32bdad6
Christodoulou, C.
3d0fc606-4edb-47e2-8774-220aba7c6db9
Cooper, C.
e05f5612-b493-4273-9b71-9e0ce32bdad6

Christodoulou, C. and Cooper, C. (2003) What is osteoporosis? Postgraduate Medical Journal, 79 (929), 133-138.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a very common disorder, which results in an increase in fracture risk. The annual cost attributable to hip, vertebral, and wrist fractures in England and Wales is £1.7 billion. Significant mortality and morbidity are associated with osteoporotic fractures. The method that is most widely used for the diagnosis of osteoporosis is dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. The aim of prevention and treatment of osteoporosis is to prevent the occurrence of future fractures. Lifestyle changes should be encouraged in high risk patients. Pharmacological treatments include the bisphosphonates, hormone replacement therapy, selective oestrogen receptor modulators, calcitonin, the 1–34 fragment of parathyroid hormone, calcium and vitamin D supplements, and calcitriol.

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More information

Published date: 2003
Keywords: osteoporosis, epidemiology, fracture

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 25366
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/25366
ISSN: 0032-5473
PURE UUID: 51700253-7cf5-40fb-a5c3-a4d4a48b99d8
ORCID for C. Cooper: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3510-0709

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 07 Apr 2006
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 01:14

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