Increasing maternal parity predicts neonatal adiposity: Pune Maternal Nutrition Study

Joshi, N.P., Kulkarni, S.R., Yajnik, C.S., Joglekar, C.V., Rao, S., Coyaji, K.J., Lubree, H.G., Rege, S.S. and Fall, C.H. (2005) Increasing maternal parity predicts neonatal adiposity: Pune Maternal Nutrition Study American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 193, (3 Pt 1), pp. 783-789. (doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2005.01.020).


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Objective This study was undertaken to study the effect of parity on maternal and neonatal characteristics.
Study design Maternal anthropometry, diet, micronutrient status, biochemistry, and physical activity were measured during pregnancy and detailed neonatal size recorded in 770 pregnancies in rural Maharashtra, India.
Results Increasing parity was associated with larger offspring birth weight, skinfold thicknesses, and abdominal circumference, but not head circumference and length. Compared with primiparous women, multiparous women were older, less adipose, and more physically active but had similar education, socioeconomic status, nutritional intake, and weight gain during pregnancy. They had lower circulating concentrations of hemoglobin, albumin, ferritin, glucose, and insulin and lower total leucocyte counts at 18 and 28 weeks' gestation. There was no difference in their husbands' body size. The relationship between maternal parity and neonatal weight and adiposity was significant independent of the difference in maternal characteristics.
Conclusion Increasing maternal parity predicts increasing adiposity in the newborn infant. This may result from maternal nutritional, cardiovascular, or immunologic factors.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2005.01.020
ISSNs: 0002-9378 (print)
Related URLs:
Keywords: parity, maternal size, maternal metabolism, neonatal adiposity
ePrint ID: 25683
Date :
Date Event
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 22:36
Further Information:Google Scholar

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