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Increasing maternal parity predicts neonatal adiposity: Pune Maternal Nutrition Study

Joshi, N.P., Kulkarni, S.R., Yajnik, C.S., Joglekar, C.V., Rao, S., Coyaji, K.J., Lubree, H.G., Rege, S.S. and Fall, C.H. (2005) Increasing maternal parity predicts neonatal adiposity: Pune Maternal Nutrition Study American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 193, (3 Pt 1), pp. 783-789. (doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2005.01.020).

Record type: Article


Objective This study was undertaken to study the effect of parity on maternal and neonatal characteristics.
Study design Maternal anthropometry, diet, micronutrient status, biochemistry, and physical activity were measured during pregnancy and detailed neonatal size recorded in 770 pregnancies in rural Maharashtra, India.
Results Increasing parity was associated with larger offspring birth weight, skinfold thicknesses, and abdominal circumference, but not head circumference and length. Compared with primiparous women, multiparous women were older, less adipose, and more physically active but had similar education, socioeconomic status, nutritional intake, and weight gain during pregnancy. They had lower circulating concentrations of hemoglobin, albumin, ferritin, glucose, and insulin and lower total leucocyte counts at 18 and 28 weeks' gestation. There was no difference in their husbands' body size. The relationship between maternal parity and neonatal weight and adiposity was significant independent of the difference in maternal characteristics.
Conclusion Increasing maternal parity predicts increasing adiposity in the newborn infant. This may result from maternal nutritional, cardiovascular, or immunologic factors.

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Published date: 2005
Keywords: parity, maternal size, maternal metabolism, neonatal adiposity


Local EPrints ID: 25683
ISSN: 0002-9378
PURE UUID: 4b797f76-8a2a-49da-9d61-30f44a9663fb

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Date deposited: 11 Apr 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:09

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Author: N.P. Joshi
Author: S.R. Kulkarni
Author: C.S. Yajnik
Author: C.V. Joglekar
Author: S. Rao
Author: K.J. Coyaji
Author: H.G. Lubree
Author: S.S. Rege
Author: C.H. Fall

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