Little, Paul and Byrne, Christopher D.
Abdominal obesity and the "hypertriglyceridaemic waist" phenotype. It's probably not yet time to implement screening
BMJ, 322, (7288), . (doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7288.687).
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Generalised obesity, measured by body mass index (weight (kg)/(height (m)2)), is one of the major causes of ill health in western society. However, abdominal obesitywhich is closely associated with intra-abdominal fat and measured either by waist circumference or waist:hip ratiopredicts subsequent coronary artery disease better than body mass index.1 Furthermore, obesity, particularly abdominal obesity, is associated with insulin resistance, and predicts the development of type 2 diabetes. 2 3 On p 716 Després et al argue that waist circumference should be routinely measured in primary care and used to identify people with abdominal obesity, on whom efforts to reduce obesity should be targeted.4
High waist measurement may be useful for screening since (a) height contributes little to the variance, (b) it accurately predicts obesity and high waist:hip ratio,5 and (c) it predicts traditional coronary artery disease risk factors.5 High waist and fasting triglyceride.
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