Olsen, S.H., O’Neill, A.G., Norris, D.J., Cullis, A.G., Bull, S.J., Chattopadhyay, S, Kwa, K.S.K, Driscoll, L.S., Waite, A.M., Tang, Y.T and Evans, A.G.R.
THERMAL OXIDATION OF STRAINED SI/SIGE: IMPACT OF SURFACE MORPHOLOGY AND EFFECT ON MOS DEVICES
Materials Science Engineer B
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The performance of surface channel MOS devices depends on gate oxide interface quality. Carrier transport is enhanced in strained Si, thus its use for MOSFET channels can increase device performance. Thermal oxidation produces the highest quality SiO2. This paper compares thermal oxidation of strained Si with unstrained Si. Strained Si is achieved by epitaxial growth on relaxed SiGe. The impact of large-scale cross-hatching roughness inherent in relaxed SiGe alloys on strained Si oxidation is investigated. The nanoscale oxide interface roughness and oxidation rate of strained Si are found to correlate with the undulating cross-hatch period, increasing and decreasing, respectively, with the degree of surface vicinality. Further, analysis suggests strained Si oxidation kinetics arise primarily from local variations in the SiGe substrate orientation due to cross-hatching, rather than strain. Devices fabricated on relatively smooth SiGe material exhibit electrical performance enhancements exceeding 75% compared with devices fabricated on material with severe cross-hatching. Likely causes for the dependence of strained Si oxidation kinetics on surface morphology and the impact on MOS devices are discussed. The enhanced performance of strained Si/SiGe MOSFETs over Si control devices with equivalent oxide interface roughness is also presented. Strained Si devices exhibit mobility gains greater than 100% and significant increases in transconductance compared with control devices. Keywords: strained Si, SiGe, MOSFET, virtual substrate, oxidation, surface roughness.
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