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The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access

The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access
The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access
The research access/impact problem arises because journal articles are not accessible to all of their would-be users, hence they are losing potential research impact. The solution is to make all articles Open Access (OA, i.e., accessible online, free for all). OA articles have significantly higher citation impact than non-OA articles. There are two roads to OA: the "golden" road (publish your article in an OA journal) and the "green" road (publish your article in a non-OA journal but also self-archive it in an OA archive). Only 5% of journals are gold, but over 90% are already green (i.e., they have given their authors the green light to self-archive); yet only about 10-20% of articles have been self-archived. To reach 100% OA, self-archiving needs to be mandated by researchers' employers and funders, as the UK and US have recently recommended, and universities need to implement that mandate.
self-archiving, research impact, citation, scientometrics, open access
Harnad, Stevan
442ee520-71a1-4283-8e01-106693487d8b
Brody, Tim
5a940894-c1e0-4754-81f6-430b7492a941
Vallieres, Francois
7c0ac816-2091-438b-ae74-448c9773f562
Carr, Les
0572b10e-039d-46c6-bf05-57cce71d3936
Hitchcock, Steve
78dfd72f-e689-4342-9353-395de0bbf6a9
Gingras, Yves
403ebefd-91d1-4e2b-89cc-be8fe4aaf591
Oppenheim, Charles
d59091c1-26e9-43dd-a5e9-8308177d78c5
Stamerjohanns, Heinrich
4307e478-cfa4-4c49-b823-b757bc054180
Hilf, Eberhard R
d47871c4-67ce-4332-bec5-4ffe4cac4b65
Harnad, Stevan
442ee520-71a1-4283-8e01-106693487d8b
Brody, Tim
5a940894-c1e0-4754-81f6-430b7492a941
Vallieres, Francois
7c0ac816-2091-438b-ae74-448c9773f562
Carr, Les
0572b10e-039d-46c6-bf05-57cce71d3936
Hitchcock, Steve
78dfd72f-e689-4342-9353-395de0bbf6a9
Gingras, Yves
403ebefd-91d1-4e2b-89cc-be8fe4aaf591
Oppenheim, Charles
d59091c1-26e9-43dd-a5e9-8308177d78c5
Stamerjohanns, Heinrich
4307e478-cfa4-4c49-b823-b757bc054180
Hilf, Eberhard R
d47871c4-67ce-4332-bec5-4ffe4cac4b65

Harnad, Stevan, Brody, Tim, Vallieres, Francois, Carr, Les, Hitchcock, Steve, Gingras, Yves, Oppenheim, Charles, Stamerjohanns, Heinrich and Hilf, Eberhard R (2004) The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access. Serials Review, 30 (4).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The research access/impact problem arises because journal articles are not accessible to all of their would-be users, hence they are losing potential research impact. The solution is to make all articles Open Access (OA, i.e., accessible online, free for all). OA articles have significantly higher citation impact than non-OA articles. There are two roads to OA: the "golden" road (publish your article in an OA journal) and the "green" road (publish your article in a non-OA journal but also self-archive it in an OA archive). Only 5% of journals are gold, but over 90% are already green (i.e., they have given their authors the green light to self-archive); yet only about 10-20% of articles have been self-archived. To reach 100% OA, self-archiving needs to be mandated by researchers' employers and funders, as the UK and US have recently recommended, and universities need to implement that mandate.

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More information

Published date: October 2004
Additional Information: Bug with cloning: trails versions of other articles as if prior versions of the cloned article, even when they are not...
Keywords: self-archiving, research impact, citation, scientometrics, open access
Organisations: Web & Internet Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 260209
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/260209
PURE UUID: 06e52e83-0948-40ee-b584-3ace791063b6
ORCID for Stevan Harnad: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6153-1129
ORCID for Les Carr: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2113-9680

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 02 Jan 2005
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 13:19

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Contributors

Author: Stevan Harnad ORCID iD
Author: Tim Brody
Author: Francois Vallieres
Author: Les Carr ORCID iD
Author: Steve Hitchcock
Author: Yves Gingras
Author: Charles Oppenheim
Author: Heinrich Stamerjohanns
Author: Eberhard R Hilf

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