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The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access

Harnad, Stevan, Brody, Tim, Vallieres, Francois, Carr, Les, Hitchcock, Steve, Gingras, Yves, Oppenheim, Charles, Stamerjohanns, Heinrich and Hilf, Eberhard R (2004) The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access Serials Review, 30, (4)

Record type: Article


The research access/impact problem arises because journal articles are not accessible to all of their would-be users, hence they are losing potential research impact. The solution is to make all articles Open Access (OA, i.e., accessible online, free for all). OA articles have significantly higher citation impact than non-OA articles. There are two roads to OA: the "golden" road (publish your article in an OA journal) and the "green" road (publish your article in a non-OA journal but also self-archive it in an OA archive). Only 5% of journals are gold, but over 90% are already green (i.e., they have given their authors the green light to self-archive); yet only about 10-20% of articles have been self-archived. To reach 100% OA, self-archiving needs to be mandated by researchers' employers and funders, as the UK and US have recently recommended, and universities need to implement that mandate.

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Published date: October 2004
Additional Information: Bug with cloning: trails versions of other articles as if prior versions of the cloned article, even when they are not...
Keywords: self-archiving, research impact, citation, scientometrics, open access
Organisations: Web & Internet Science


Local EPrints ID: 260209
PURE UUID: 06e52e83-0948-40ee-b584-3ace791063b6
ORCID for Les Carr: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 02 Jan 2005
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 09:15

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Author: Stevan Harnad
Author: Tim Brody
Author: Francois Vallieres
Author: Les Carr ORCID iD
Author: Steve Hitchcock
Author: Yves Gingras
Author: Charles Oppenheim
Author: Heinrich Stamerjohanns
Author: Eberhard R Hilf

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