The optimization of peptide cargo bound to MHC class I molecules by the peptide-loading complex
Elliott, T. and Williams, A. (2005) The optimization of peptide cargo bound to MHC class I molecules by the peptide-loading complex Immunological Reviews, 207, pp. 89-99. (doi:10.1111/j.0105-2896.2005.00311.x).
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Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I complexes present peptides from both self and foreign intracellular proteins on the surface of most nucleated cells. The assembled heterotrimeric complexes consist of a polymorphic glycosylated heavy chain, non-polymorphic ?2 microglobulin, and a peptide of typically nine amino acids in length. Assembly of the class I complexes occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum and is assisted by a number of chaperone molecules. A multimolecular unit termed the peptide-loading complex (PLC) is integral to this process. The PLC contains a peptide transporter (transporter associated with antigen processing), a thiooxido-reductase (ERp57), a glycoprotein chaperone (calreticulin), and tapasin, a class I-specific chaperone. We suggest that class I assembly involves a process of optimization where the peptide cargo of the complex is edited by the PLC. Furthermore, this selective peptide loading is biased toward peptides that have a longer off-rate from the assembled complex. We suggest that tapasin is the key chaperone that directs this action of the PLC with secondary contributions from calreticulin and possibly ERp57. We provide a framework model for how this may operate at the molecular level and draw parallels with the proposed mechanism of action of human leukocyte antigen-DM for MHC class II complex optimization.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||doi:10.1111/j.0105-2896.2005.00311.x|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)|
|Date Deposited:||19 Apr 2006|
|Last Modified:||18 Feb 2017 16:37|
Funded by: Wellcome Trust (UNSPECIFIED)
UNSPECIFIED to UNSPECIFIED
|Further Information:||Google Scholar|
|RDF:||RDF+N-Triples, RDF+N3, RDF+XML, Browse.|
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