Open Access: What is it and why should we have it?

Swan, Alma (2006) Open Access: What is it and why should we have it? s.n.


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Open Access (OA) means (1) greater visibility and accessibility, hence impact, from scholarly endeavour, (2) more rapid and more efficient progress, (3) better assessment, better monitoring and better management of science and (4) novel information can be created using new computational technologies. The JISC-commissioned Roadmap for UK OA repositories envisages a (I) Data Layer, consisting of the repositories themselves, underpinned by a layer of services at the Ingest Level where data are collected (technical or policy advice for repository managers, hosting services for repositories, or digitisation services for legacy literature). Above the data layer is the (II) Aggregator Layer, where content is harvested and metadata are enhanced, enriched and presented to be exploited by services operating in the top layer: (III) the Output Level. Top-layer services may include preservation services or publishing services such as peer review and adding value in the form of copyediting, formatting for print and online presentation and marking-up (e.g. into XML) to enable optimal exploitation by semantic computer technologies. Other services may harvest content and publish overlay journals, create specialised collections for particular scholarly communities in individual disciplines for teaching and learning or to be added to other types of material to provide high added-value services with revenue-earning potential.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Additional Information: This article derives from a presentation made at the meeting "Zichtbaar onderzoek. Kan Open Archives daarbij helpen?" / Visible research. Can OAI help? This was a "good practice" conference organised by AWI (Flemish Ministry for Economy, Enterprise, Science, Innovation and Foreign Trade) and VOWB (Flemish Organisation of Scientific Research Libraries) and supported by VVBAD (Flemish Society for Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres), May 2006
Keywords: open access, self-archiving, research impact, institutional repositories, citation, publication, journals, harvesting, services, layers
Organisations: Web & Internet Science
ePrint ID: 263028
Date :
Date Event
September 2006Published
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2006
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 21:33
Further Information:Google Scholar

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