The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Environmental Sensor Networks:A revolution in the earth system science?

Record type: Article

Environmental Sensor Networks (ESNs) facilitate the study of fundamental processes and the development of hazard response systems. They have evolved from passive logging systems that require manual downloading, into ‘intelligent’ sensor networks that comprise a network of automatic sensor nodes and communications systems which actively communicate their data to a Sensor Network Server (SNS) where these data can be integrated with other environmental datasets. The sensor nodes can be fixed or mobile and range in scale appropriate to the environment being sensed. ESNs range in scale and function and we have reviewed over 50 representative examples. Large Scale Single Function Networks tend to use large single purpose nodes to cover a wide geographical area. Localised Multifunction Sensor Networks typically monitor a small area in more detail, often with wireless adhoc systems. Biosensor Networks use emerging biotechnologies to monitor environmental processes as well as developing proxies for immediate use. In the future, sensor networks will integrate these three elements (Heterogeneous Sensor Networks). The communications system and data storage and integration (cyberinfrastructure) aspects of ESNs are discussed, along with current challenges which need to be addressed. We argue that Environmental Sensor Networks will become a standard research tool for future Earth System and Environmental Science. Not only do they provide a ‘virtual’ connection with the environment, they allow new field and conceptual approaches to the study of environmental processes to be developed. We suggest that although technological advances have facilitated these changes, it is vital that Earth Systems and Environmental Scientists utilise them.

PDF esn.pdf - Other
Download (396kB)

Citation

Hart, Jane K and Martinez, Kirk (2006) Environmental Sensor Networks:A revolution in the earth system science? Earth-Science Reviews, 78, pp. 177-191.

More information

Published date: 2006
Keywords: wireless sensor networks, environmental monitoring, cyberinfrastructure
Organisations: Web & Internet Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 263093
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/263093
ISSN: 0012-8252
PURE UUID: de60e92a-2980-4eb4-ac06-344e37c15c5c
ORCID for Kirk Martinez: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3859-5700

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 12 Oct 2006
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 08:44

Export record

Contributors

Author: Jane K Hart
Author: Kirk Martinez ORCID iD

University divisions


Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×