Tsuda, Soichiro, Aono, Masashi and Gunji, Yukio-Pegio
Robust and emergent Physarum logical-computing
BioSystem, 73, . (doi:10.1016/j.biosystems.2003.08.001).
There have been many attempts for realization of emergent computing, but the notion of emergent computing is still ambiguous. In an open system, emergence and an error cannot be specied distinctly, because they are dependent on the dis-equilibration process between local and global behaviors. To manifest such an aspect, we implement a Boolean gate as a biological device made of slime mold Physarum polycephalum. A Physarum (slime mold) Boolean gate could be an internally instable machine, while it has the potential for emergent computing. First, we examined whether Physarum Boolean gate works properly, and then examined its behaviors when the gate is collapsed in terms of hardware. The behavior of Physarum changes and self-repairing computing is achieved as a result. The self-repairing against internal failure is one of attributes of emergent and robust computing.
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