The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

VP22 enhances antibody responses from DNA vaccines but not by intercellular spread

Perkins, Stuart D., Hartley, M. Gill, Lukaszewski, Roman A., Phillpotts, Robert J., Stevenson, Freda. K. and Bennett, Alice M. (2005) VP22 enhances antibody responses from DNA vaccines but not by intercellular spread Vaccine, 23, (16), pp. 1931-1940. (doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2004.10.033).

Record type: Article


In some species DNA vaccines elicit potent humoral and cellular immune responses. However, their performance in humans and non-human primates is less impressive. There are suggestions in the literature that an increase in the intercellular distribution of protein expressed from a DNA vaccine may enhance immunogenicity. We incorporated the Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV) VP22 gene, which encodes a protein that has been described as promoting intercellular spread, into a DNA vector in which it was fused to enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). Following transfection of the plasmid DNA into mammalian cells, distribution of the fusion protein VP22-EGFP was not increased compared to EGFP alone. Furthermore, we found no evidence to suggest that VP22 was capable of mediating intercellular spread. However, when these constructs were used as DNA vaccines to immunise mice, antibody levels specific to EGFP were significantly enhanced when EGFP was fused to VP22. These data suggest that amplification of the immune response may occur via mechanisms other than VP22-mediated intercellular spread of antigen.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: 2005
Keywords: DNA vaccine, VP22, intercellular spread, protein transduction domain, GFP


Local EPrints ID: 26520
PURE UUID: 320d9a17-e523-4e04-b948-cb678dced027

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 10 Apr 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:07

Export record



Author: Stuart D. Perkins
Author: M. Gill Hartley
Author: Roman A. Lukaszewski
Author: Robert J. Phillpotts
Author: Alice M. Bennett

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.