The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Alternative Energy Sources for Sensor Nodes: Rationalized Design for Long-Term Deployment

Weddell, Alex S., Harris, Nick R. and White, Neil M. (2008) Alternative Energy Sources for Sensor Nodes: Rationalized Design for Long-Term Deployment At International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Canada. 12 - 15 May 2008. , pp. 1370-1375.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)


Energy harvesting is a means of extending the lifetimes of wireless sensor nodes. Here, we describe the current state-of-the-art in energy harvesting technologies, and compare them against long-life primary batteries in terms of their total energy, economic cost and environmental impact. Issues affecting the lifetimes of energy harvesting devices, which are often overlooked, are described. We discuss the requirements for energy-awareness by wireless sensor network management algorithms, and how to deliver it for systems using batteries or energy harvesting devices and supercapacitors. A novel approach to monitoring state-of-charge, and an embedded software architecture for energy management (which has been deployed on battery-powered and energy-harvesting nodes), are introduced. This new ‘energy stack’ structures the node’s energy-related operations, while hiding their complexity from the application layer, and providing a straightforward interface. We present a complete approach to designing the energy-related aspects of a node for long-term deployment, including hardware choices and embedded software design.

PDF I2MTC_2008.pdf - Other
Download (460kB)

More information

Submitted date: 17 March 2008
Additional Information: Event Dates: May 12-15, 2008
Venue - Dates: International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Canada, 2008-05-12 - 2008-05-15
Keywords: energy management, wireless sensor networks, energy harvesting
Organisations: EEE


Local EPrints ID: 265361
ISBN: 1-4244-1541-1
PURE UUID: 7367f95c-7bae-4491-99f3-6888e86ec8a3
ORCID for Alex S. Weddell: ORCID iD
ORCID for Nick R. Harris: ORCID iD
ORCID for Neil M. White: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 01 Apr 2008 16:07
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 07:26

Export record


Author: Alex S. Weddell ORCID iD
Author: Nick R. Harris ORCID iD
Author: Neil M. White ORCID iD

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.