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The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access: An Update

The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access: An Update
The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access: An Update
The research access/impact problem arises because journal articles are not accessible to all of their would-be users; hence, they are losing potential research impact. The solution is to make all articles open access (OA, i.e., accessible online, free for all). OA articles have significantly higher citation impact than non-OA articles. There are two roads to OA: the “golden” road (publish your article in an OA journal) and the “green” road (publish your article in a non-OA journal but also self-archive it in an OA archive). About 10% of journals are gold, but over 90% are already green (i.e., they have given their authors the green light to self-archive); yet only about 10–20% of articles have been self-archived. To reach 100% OA, self-archiving needs to be mandated by researchers’ employers and funders, as they are now increasingly beginning to do
self-archiving, research impact, citation, scientometrics, open access, mandates
36-40
Harnad, Stevan
442ee520-71a1-4283-8e01-106693487d8b
Brody, Tim
5a940894-c1e0-4754-81f6-430b7492a941
Vallieres, Francois
7c0ac816-2091-438b-ae74-448c9773f562
Carr, Les
0572b10e-039d-46c6-bf05-57cce71d3936
Hitchcock, Steve
78dfd72f-e689-4342-9353-395de0bbf6a9
Gingras, Yves
403ebefd-91d1-4e2b-89cc-be8fe4aaf591
Oppenheim, Charles
d59091c1-26e9-43dd-a5e9-8308177d78c5
Hajjem, Chawki
4bf0a8ac-941b-4573-bc97-8748e1356bc3
Hilf, Eberhardt
deb0612c-0c2d-417d-939b-f289f1707c84
Harnad, Stevan
442ee520-71a1-4283-8e01-106693487d8b
Brody, Tim
5a940894-c1e0-4754-81f6-430b7492a941
Vallieres, Francois
7c0ac816-2091-438b-ae74-448c9773f562
Carr, Les
0572b10e-039d-46c6-bf05-57cce71d3936
Hitchcock, Steve
78dfd72f-e689-4342-9353-395de0bbf6a9
Gingras, Yves
403ebefd-91d1-4e2b-89cc-be8fe4aaf591
Oppenheim, Charles
d59091c1-26e9-43dd-a5e9-8308177d78c5
Hajjem, Chawki
4bf0a8ac-941b-4573-bc97-8748e1356bc3
Hilf, Eberhardt
deb0612c-0c2d-417d-939b-f289f1707c84

Harnad, Stevan, Brody, Tim, Vallieres, Francois, Carr, Les, Hitchcock, Steve, Gingras, Yves, Oppenheim, Charles, Hajjem, Chawki and Hilf, Eberhardt (2008) The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access: An Update. Serials Review, 34 (1), 36-40.

Record type: Article

Abstract

The research access/impact problem arises because journal articles are not accessible to all of their would-be users; hence, they are losing potential research impact. The solution is to make all articles open access (OA, i.e., accessible online, free for all). OA articles have significantly higher citation impact than non-OA articles. There are two roads to OA: the “golden” road (publish your article in an OA journal) and the “green” road (publish your article in a non-OA journal but also self-archive it in an OA archive). About 10% of journals are gold, but over 90% are already green (i.e., they have given their authors the green light to self-archive); yet only about 10–20% of articles have been self-archived. To reach 100% OA, self-archiving needs to be mandated by researchers’ employers and funders, as they are now increasingly beginning to do

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More information

Published date: March 2008
Keywords: self-archiving, research impact, citation, scientometrics, open access, mandates
Organisations: Web & Internet Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 265852
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/265852
PURE UUID: d469f5dc-7a65-4827-a688-1d06fb3ec2e7
ORCID for Stevan Harnad: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6153-1129
ORCID for Les Carr: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2113-9680

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 06 Jun 2008 14:49
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 13:19

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