Strefford, Jon C., Lillington, Debra M., Young, Bryan D. and Oliver, R.T.D.
The use of multicolor fluorescence technologies in the characterization of prostate carcinoma cell lines: a comparison of multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization and spectral karyotyping data
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics, 124, (2), . (doi:10.1016/S0165-4608(00)00339-3).
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Recent studies have identified several chromosome regions that are altered in primary prostate cancer and prostatic carcinoma cell lines. These targeted regions may harbor genes involved in tumor suppression. We used multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH) to screen for genetic rearrangements in four prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP, LNCaP.FCG, DU145, and PC3, and compared our results with those recently obtained using spectral karyotyping (SKY). A number of differences was noted between abnormalities characterized by SKY and M-FISH, suggesting variation in karyotype evolution and characterization by these two methodologies. M-FISH analysis showed that hormone-resistant cell lines (DU145 and PC3) contained many genetic alterations (?15 per cell), suggesting high levels of genetic instability in hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Most chromosome regions previously implicated in prostate cancer were altered in one or more of these cell lines. Several specific chromosome aberrations were also detected, including a del(4)(p14) and a del(6)(q21) in the hormone-insensitive cell lines, a t(1;15)(p?;q?) in LNCaP, LNCaP, and PC3, and a i(5p) in LNCaP.FCG, DU145, and PC3. These clonal chromosome abnormalities may pinpoint gene loci associated with prostate tumourigenesis, cancer progression, and hormone sensitivity.
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