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Towards an Understanding of Shared Understanding in Military Coalition Contexts

Towards an Understanding of Shared Understanding in Military Coalition Contexts
Towards an Understanding of Shared Understanding in Military Coalition Contexts
Shared understanding is commonly seen as essential to the success of coalition operations, and current research efforts are attempting to develop techniques and technologies to improve shared understanding in military coalition contexts. In spite of this, our understanding of what the term ‘shared understanding’ actually means is surprisingly poor. In part, this problem is attributable to the difficulty in comprehending the true nature of understanding itself, although confusions also arise about the precise nature of the differences between shared understanding and ostensibly similar constructs, such as shared mental models and shared situation awareness. In this paper, we attempt to improve our understanding of shared understanding by exploring the nature of understanding, situation awareness and mental models. Following Wittgenstein, we suggest that understanding is best conceived of as something akin to an ability, and shared understanding is, we suggest, best conceived of as the sharing of individual forms of understanding by multiple agents. We further suggest that mental models may provide a mechanistic realization for some of the performances that manifest understanding, and that situation awareness should best be seen as a particular kind of understanding, namely a dynamic form of situational understanding. In addition to discussing the nature of understanding and shared understanding, we also discuss their potential relevance to military coalition operations. We propose that shared understanding is important to coalition operations because it contributes to improvements in coalition performance, the optimal use of limited communication assets, and an improved sense of group cohesion, group solidarity and mutual trust.
Shared Understanding, Coalition Operations, Situation Awareness, Shared Mental Models, Understanding
Smart, Paul R
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Huynh, Trung Dong
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Mott, David
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Sycara, Katia
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Braines, Dave
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Strub, Michael
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Sieck, Winston
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Shadbolt, Nigel R
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Smart, Paul R
cd8a3dbf-d963-4009-80fb-76ecc93579df
Huynh, Trung Dong
ddea6cf3-5a82-4c99-8883-7c31cf22dd36
Mott, David
bf0779fe-ac61-4fac-965e-a774d0d3437d
Sycara, Katia
df200c43-d34d-4093-bb4e-493fea2d0732
Braines, Dave
09e96745-c478-4a3d-9a3b-46e0f0e3ac18
Strub, Michael
18d84737-3880-4565-a9a0-5b058da56250
Sieck, Winston
ac2c11f2-da8e-4d51-9e08-c741938db3ae
Shadbolt, Nigel R
5c5acdf4-ad42-49b6-81fe-e9db58c2caf7

Smart, Paul R, Huynh, Trung Dong, Mott, David, Sycara, Katia, Braines, Dave, Strub, Michael, Sieck, Winston and Shadbolt, Nigel R (2009) Towards an Understanding of Shared Understanding in Military Coalition Contexts. 3rd Annual Conference of the International Technology Alliance (ACITA'09), United States. 23 - 24 Sep 2009.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

Shared understanding is commonly seen as essential to the success of coalition operations, and current research efforts are attempting to develop techniques and technologies to improve shared understanding in military coalition contexts. In spite of this, our understanding of what the term ‘shared understanding’ actually means is surprisingly poor. In part, this problem is attributable to the difficulty in comprehending the true nature of understanding itself, although confusions also arise about the precise nature of the differences between shared understanding and ostensibly similar constructs, such as shared mental models and shared situation awareness. In this paper, we attempt to improve our understanding of shared understanding by exploring the nature of understanding, situation awareness and mental models. Following Wittgenstein, we suggest that understanding is best conceived of as something akin to an ability, and shared understanding is, we suggest, best conceived of as the sharing of individual forms of understanding by multiple agents. We further suggest that mental models may provide a mechanistic realization for some of the performances that manifest understanding, and that situation awareness should best be seen as a particular kind of understanding, namely a dynamic form of situational understanding. In addition to discussing the nature of understanding and shared understanding, we also discuss their potential relevance to military coalition operations. We propose that shared understanding is important to coalition operations because it contributes to improvements in coalition performance, the optimal use of limited communication assets, and an improved sense of group cohesion, group solidarity and mutual trust.

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More information

Published date: 23 September 2009
Additional Information: Event Dates: 23rd - 24th September 2009
Venue - Dates: 3rd Annual Conference of the International Technology Alliance (ACITA'09), United States, 2009-09-23 - 2009-09-24
Keywords: Shared Understanding, Coalition Operations, Situation Awareness, Shared Mental Models, Understanding
Organisations: Web & Internet Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 267704
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/267704
PURE UUID: 3aae7e18-7d56-42fe-9c96-7009c1235365
ORCID for Paul R Smart: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9989-5307
ORCID for Trung Dong Huynh: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4937-2473

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Jul 2009 16:24
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:46

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Contributors

Author: Paul R Smart ORCID iD
Author: Trung Dong Huynh ORCID iD
Author: David Mott
Author: Katia Sycara
Author: Dave Braines
Author: Michael Strub
Author: Winston Sieck
Author: Nigel R Shadbolt

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