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Moderate contact between sub-populations promotes evolved assortativity enabling group selection

Snowdon, James, Powers, Simon T and Watson, Richard (2009) Moderate contact between sub-populations promotes evolved assortativity enabling group selection At Proceedings of 10th European Conference on Artificial Life (ECAL 2009).

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Abstract

Group selection is easily observed when spatial group structure is imposed on a population. In fact, spatial structure is just a means of providing assortative interactions such that the benefits of cooperating are delivered to other cooperators more than to selfish individuals. In principle, assortative interactions could be supported by individually adapted traits without physical grouping. But this possibility seems to be ruled-out because any ‘marker’ that cooperators used for this purpose could be adopted by selfish individuals also. However, here we show that stable assortative marking can evolve when sub-populations at different evolutionarily stable strategies (ESSs) are brought into contact. Interestingly, if they are brought into contact too quickly, individual selection causes loss of behavioural diversity before assortative markers have a chance to evolve. But if they are brought into contact slowly, moderate initial mixing between sub-populations produces a pressure to evolve traits that facilitate assortative interactions. Once assortative interactions have become stablished, group competition between the two ESSs is facilitated without any spatial group structure. This process thus illustrates conditions where individual selection canalises groups that are initially spatially defined into stable groups that compete without the need for continued spatial separation.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 2009
Venue - Dates: Proceedings of 10th European Conference on Artificial Life (ECAL 2009), 2009-01-01
Keywords: group selection, cooperation, cultural evolution
Organisations: Agents, Interactions & Complexity

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 268077
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/268077
PURE UUID: d0eb3a59-80b9-4e6d-8a41-feed42282c2b

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Oct 2009 13:58
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:57

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Contributors

Author: James Snowdon
Author: Simon T Powers
Author: Richard Watson

University divisions

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