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Classification with binary gene expressions

Classification with binary gene expressions
Classification with binary gene expressions
Microarray gene expression measurements are reported, used and archived usually to high numerical precision. However, properties of mRNA molecules, such as their low stability and availability in small copy numbers, and the fact that measurements correspond to a population of cells, rather than a single cell, makes high precision meaningless. Recent work shows that reducing measurement precision leads to very little loss of information, right down to binary levels. In this paper we show how properties of binary spaces can be useful in making infer-ences from microarray data. In particular, we use the Tanimoto similarity metric for binary vectors, which has been used effectively in the Chemoinformatics literature for retrieving che- mical compounds with certain functional prop-erties. This measure, when incorporated in a kernel framework, helps recover any informa-tion lost by quantization. By implementing a spectral clustering framework, we further show that a second reason for high performance from the Tanimoto metric can be traced back to a hitherto unnoticed systematic variability in ar-ray data: Probe level uncertainties are system-atically lower for arrays with large numbers of expressed genes. While we offer no molecular level explanation for this systematic variability, that it could be exploited in a suitable similarity metric is a useful observation in itself. We fur-ther show preliminary results that working with binary data considerably reduces variability in the results across choice of algorithms in the pre-processing stages of microarray analysis.
1937-6871
390-399
Tuna, Salih
10b3ffcd-3ed8-4bd5-987a-4d26946d685d
Niranjan, Mahesan
5cbaeea8-7288-4b55-a89c-c43d212ddd4f
Tuna, Salih
10b3ffcd-3ed8-4bd5-987a-4d26946d685d
Niranjan, Mahesan
5cbaeea8-7288-4b55-a89c-c43d212ddd4f

Tuna, Salih and Niranjan, Mahesan (2009) Classification with binary gene expressions Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 2, (6), pp. 390-399.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Microarray gene expression measurements are reported, used and archived usually to high numerical precision. However, properties of mRNA molecules, such as their low stability and availability in small copy numbers, and the fact that measurements correspond to a population of cells, rather than a single cell, makes high precision meaningless. Recent work shows that reducing measurement precision leads to very little loss of information, right down to binary levels. In this paper we show how properties of binary spaces can be useful in making infer-ences from microarray data. In particular, we use the Tanimoto similarity metric for binary vectors, which has been used effectively in the Chemoinformatics literature for retrieving che- mical compounds with certain functional prop-erties. This measure, when incorporated in a kernel framework, helps recover any informa-tion lost by quantization. By implementing a spectral clustering framework, we further show that a second reason for high performance from the Tanimoto metric can be traced back to a hitherto unnoticed systematic variability in ar-ray data: Probe level uncertainties are system-atically lower for arrays with large numbers of expressed genes. While we offer no molecular level explanation for this systematic variability, that it could be exploited in a suitable similarity metric is a useful observation in itself. We fur-ther show preliminary results that working with binary data considerably reduces variability in the results across choice of algorithms in the pre-processing stages of microarray analysis.

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Published date: 2009
Organisations: Southampton Wireless Group

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Local EPrints ID: 268186
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/268186
ISSN: 1937-6871
PURE UUID: ffe2b628-a5b8-43ae-88f6-5107a8c8940e

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Date deposited: 11 Nov 2009 14:19
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:56

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Author: Salih Tuna

University divisions

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