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Open Knowledge: coordinating knowledge sharing through peer-to-peer interaction

Record type: Article

The drive to extend the Web by taking advantage of automated symbolic reasoning (the so-called semantic Web) has been dominated by a traditional model of knowledge sharing, in which the focus is on task-independent standardisation of knowledge. It appears to be difficult, in practice, to standardise in this way because the way in which we represent knowledge is strongly influenced by the ways in which we expect to use it. We present a form of knowledge sharing that is based not on direct sharing of "true" statements about the world but, instead, is based on sharing descriptions of interactions. By making interaction specifications the currency of knowledge sharing we gain a context to interpreting knowledge that can be transmitted between peers, in a manner analogous to the use of electronic institutions in multi-agent systems. The narrower notion of semantic commitment we thus obtain requires peers only to commit to meanings of terms for the purposes and duration of the interactions in which they appear. This lightweight semantics allows networks of interaction to be formed between peers using comparatively simple means of tackling the perennial issues of query routing, service composition and ontology matching. A basic version of the system described in this paper has been built (via the OpenKnowledge project); all its components use established methods; many of these have been deployed in substantial applications; and we summarise a simple means of integration using the interaction specification language itself.

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Citation

Robertson, D., Giunchiglia, F., van Harmelen, F., Marchese, M., Sabou, M., Schorlemmer, M., Shadbolt, N., Siebes, R., Sierra, C., Walton, C., Dasmahapatra, S., Dupplaw, D., Lewis, P., Yatskevich, M., Kotoulas, S., de Pinninck, A.P. and Loizou, A. (2008) Open Knowledge: coordinating knowledge sharing through peer-to-peer interaction Languages, Methodologies and Development Tools for Multi-Agent Systems. First International Workshop, LADS 2007. Revised Selected and Invited Papers, pp. 1-18.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 2008
Additional Information: Imported from ISI Web of Science
Organisations: Web & Internet Science, Southampton Wireless Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 269721
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/269721
PURE UUID: ad659725-b01a-4d19-8063-8369c5352d6f

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 21 Apr 2010 07:46
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 06:51

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Contributors

Author: D. Robertson
Author: F. Giunchiglia
Author: F. van Harmelen
Author: M. Marchese
Author: M. Sabou
Author: M. Schorlemmer
Author: N. Shadbolt
Author: R. Siebes
Author: C. Sierra
Author: C. Walton
Author: S. Dasmahapatra
Author: D. Dupplaw
Author: P. Lewis
Author: M. Yatskevich
Author: S. Kotoulas
Author: A.P. de Pinninck
Author: A. Loizou

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